The Shanghai ghetto (上海隔都 Shànghǎi gédōu), formally known as the Restricted Sector for Stateless Refugees (無国籍難民限定地区, Wú guójí nànmín xiàndìng dìqū?), was an area of approximately one square mile in the Hongkou District of Japanese-occupied Shanghai, to which about 20,000 Jewish refugees were relocated by the Japanese-issued Proclamation Concerning Restriction of Residence and Business of Stateless Refugees after having fled from German-occupied Europe before and during World War II.
The refugees were settled in the poorest and most crowded area of the city. Local Jewish families and American Jewish charities aided them with shelter, food and clothing. The Japanese authorities increasingly stepped up restrictions, but the ghetto was not walled, and the local Chinese residents, whose living conditions were often as bad, did not leave.
Read more about Shanghai Ghetto: Arrival of Ashkenazi Jews, Life in The Restricted Sector For Stateless Refugees, After Liberation, Partial List of Notable Refugees in The Restricted Sector For Stateless Refugees, See Also, References
Famous quotes containing the words shanghai and/or ghetto:
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