Security (finance) - Classification


Securities may be classified according to many categories or classification systems:

  • Currency of denomination
  • Ownership rights
  • Term to maturity
  • Degree of liquidity
  • Income payments
  • Tax treatment
  • Credit rating
  • Industrial sector or "industry". ("Sector" often refers to a higher level or broader category, such as Consumer Discretionary, whereas "industry" often refers to a lower level classification, such as Consumer Appliances. See Industry for a discussion of some classification systems.)
  • Region or country (such as country of incorporation, country of principal sales/market of its products or services, or country in which the principal securities exchange where it trades is located)
  • Market capitalization
  • State (typically for municipal or "tax-free" bonds in the U.S.)

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