Sampling Risk

Sampling risk is one of the many types of risks an auditor may face when performing the necessary procedure of audit sampling. Audit sampling exists because of the impractical and costly effects of examining all or 100% of a client's records or books. As a result, a "sample" of a client's accounts are examined. Due to the negative effects produced by sampling risk, an auditor may have to perform additional procedures which in turn can impact the overall efficiency of the audit.

Sampling risk represents the possibility that an auditor's conclusion based on a sample is different from that reached if the entire population were subject to audit procedure . The auditor may conclude that material misstatements exist, in fact they do not; or material misstatements do not exist but in fact they do exist. Auditor can lower the sampling risk by increasing the sampling size.

Although there are many types of risks associated with the audit process, each type primarily has an effect on the overall audit engagement. The effects produced by sampling risk generally can increase the risk of material misstatement which states that an entity's financial statements will contain a material misstatement. Sampling risk can also increase detection risk which suggests the possibility that an auditor will not find material misstatements relating to the financial statements through substantive tests and analysis.

Read more about Sampling Risk:  Sample Selection, See Also

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