Precision bombing is bombing of a small target with extreme accuracy, to limit side-effect damage. An example would be destroying a single building in a built up area causing minimal damage to the surroundings. Initially precision bombing was tried by both the Allied and Central Powers during World War I, however, it was found to be ineffective, because the technology did not allow a sufficient accuracy. Therefore, the air forces turned to area bombardment, which inevitably brought civilian casualties. Since then the technologies of precision-guided munitions greatly developed, significantly used in anti-shipping missiles before being employed for general air interdiction missions.
Read more about Precision Bombing: History, Second World War, Gulf War, Historical Experience Through Vietnam, Precision Attack in The Gulf War, Reaffirmation of The Gulf Experience, Precision Attack Versus Light Infantry, Precision Weaponry and The Revolution in Military Affairs