Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development - Post Piagetian and Neo-Piagetian Stages

Post Piagetian and Neo-Piagetian Stages

In the recent years, several scholars attempted to ameliorate the problems of Piaget's theory by developing new theories and models that can accommodate evidence that violates Piagetian predictions and postulates. These models are summarized below.

  • The neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development, advanced by Case, Demetriou, Halford, Fischer, and Pascual-Leone, attempted to integrate Piaget's theory with cognitive and differential theories of cognitive organization and development. Their aim was to better account for the cognitive factors of development and for intra-individual and inter-individual differences in cognitive development. They suggested that development along Piaget's stages is due to increasing working memory capacity and processing efficiency. Moreover, Demetriou´s theory ascribes an important role to hypercognitive processes of self-recording, self-monitoring, and self-regulation and it recognizes the operation of several relatively autonomous domains of thought (Demetriou, 1998; Demetriou, Mouyi, Spanoudis, 2010).
  • Postformal stages have been proposed. Kurt Fischer suggested two, Michael Commons presents evidence for four postformal stages: the systematic, metasystematic, paradigmatic and cross paradigmatic. (Commons & Richards, 2003; Oliver, 2004).
  • A "sentential" stage has been proposed, said to occur before the early preoperational stage. Proposed by Fischer, Biggs and Biggs, Commons, and Richards.
  • Searching for a micro-physiological basis for human mental capacity, Traill (1978, Section C5.4 ; - 1999, Section 8.4 ) proposed that there may be "pre-sensorimotor" stages ("M−1L", "M−2L", … … ) — developed in the womb and/or transmitted genetically.
  • Jerome Bruner's views on Cognitive development
  • Michael Lamport Commons' Model of hierarchical complexity
  • Kieran Egan's stages of understanding
  • Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development
  • Andreas Demetriou's Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development
  • Loevinger's stages of ego development

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