Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a type of disease that affects one or more of the periodontal tissues:

  1. alveolar bone
  2. periodontal ligament
  3. cementum
  4. gingiva

While many different diseases affect the tooth-supporting structures, plaque-induced inflammatory lesions make up the vast majority of periodontal diseases and have traditionally been divided into two categories:

  1. gingivitis or
  2. periodontitis.

While in some sites or individuals, gingivitis never progresses to periodontitis, data indicate that periodontitis is always preceded by gingivitis.

Read more about Periodontal Disease:  Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis, History, References

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