Oxide - Reactivity


Oxides can be attacked by acids and bases. Those attacked only by acids are basic oxides; those attacked only by bases are acidic oxides. Oxides that react with both acids and bases are amphoteric. Metals tend to form basic oxides, non-metals tend to form acidic oxides, and amphoteric oxides are formed by elements near the boundary between metals and non-metals (metalloids).

This reactivity is the basis of many practical processes such, as the extraction of some metals from their ores in the process called hydrometallurgy.

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