Ottoman may refer to:

  • the Ottoman Empire, a Turkish state in existence from 1299 to 1923
  • Ottoman Turks, the Turkic ethnic group that originally comprised the Ottoman Empire
  • the Ottoman Dynasty, the governing family of the Ottoman Empire
  • the Ottoman Turkish language
  • Ottoman (textile), a fabric with a pronounced ribbed or corded effect, often made of silk or a mixture
  • Ottoman military bands, or Mehter takımı
  • Ottoman (furniture), a padded stool or footstool
  • Pax Ottomana, a phrase used to describe a long time of peace in the Ottoman Empire