Names of Germany - History


The terminology for "Germany", the "German states" and "Germans" is complicated by the history of many different states in which German was the dominant language. Not until 1871 was there a nation state called Germany.

Name of the state Period National Diet House of regional representatives Regional states
Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation until 1806 (Did not exist) (Immerwährender) Reichstag (Reichsstände)
Deutscher Bund 1815–1848/1866 (Did not exist) Bundesversammlung (often: Bundestag) Bundesstaaten
Deutsches Reich 1848/1849 Reichstag (Volkshaus) Reichstag (Staatenhaus) Staaten
Norddeutscher Bund 1866/1867–1871 Reichstag Bundesrat Bundesstaaten
Deutsches Reich 1871–1919 Reichstag Bundesrat Bundesstaaten
Deutsches Reich 1919–1933/1945 Reichstag Reichsrat Länder
Bundesrepublik Deutschland since 1949 Bundestag Bundesrat Länder (often: Bundesländer)
Deutsche Demokratische Republik 1949–1990 Volkskammer (Did not exist) Bezirke

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