Movimiento Nacional - Ideology

Ideology

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Falangism
Core tenets National syndicalism · Catholicism · Single party state · Dictatorship · Anti-communism
Topics Falange · Spanish Civil War · Francoist Spain · Falangism in Latin America · Symbolism
Ideas National syndicalism · Class collaboration · Hispanidad
People José Antonio Primo de Rivera
Ramiro Ledesma Ramos
Rafael Sanchez Mazas
Manuel Hedilla
Francisco Franco
Works La Conquista del Estado · Twenty-Seven Points (of the Falange)
History Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista · Spanish Civil War · Francoist Spain
Lists List of Falangist movements
Related topics Clericalism · Clerical fascism · Falange · Fascism · National syndicalism · Spanish nationalism
Fascism Portal · Politics portal

People who strongly identified with the Movimiento Nacional were colloquially known as Falangistas or Azules (Blue), from the colour of the shirts worn by José Primo de Rivera's fascist organization created during the Second Republic. Camisas viejas (Old shirts) enjoyed the honour of being historical members of the Falange, compared to Camisas nuevas (New shirts), who could be accused of opportunism.

The ideology of the Movimiento Nacional was resumed by the slogan ¡Una, Grande y Libre!, which stood for the indivisibility of the Spanish state and the refusal of any regionalism or decentralization, its imperial character, both past (the defunct Spanish Empire in the Americas, and foreseen in Africa), and its independence towards the purported "Judeo-masonic-Marxist international conspiracy" (a personal obsession of Franco), materialized by the Soviet Union, the European democracies, the United States (until the Pact of Madrid of 1953) or the "exterior enemy" which could threatened the nation at any time, as well as towards the long list of "internal enemies", like "anti-Spanish", "reds", "separatist", "liberals", "Jews" and "Freemasons, among others, coining expressions like "judeomarxistas".

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