Lochner Era - Timeline and Illustrative Cases

Timeline and Illustrative Cases

The following Supreme Court decisions are usually considered to be representative of the Lochner era:

  • Allgeyer v. Louisiana (1897), striking down state legislation prohibiting foreign corporations from doing business in the state
  • Lochner v. New York (1905), striking down state legislation limiting weekly working hours
  • Adair v. United States (1908), striking down federal legislation prohibiting railroad companies from demanding that a worker not join a labor union as a condition for employment ("yellow-dog contract")
  • Coppage v. Kansas (1915), striking down state legislation prohibiting yellow-dog contracts
  • Adams v. Tanner (1917), striking down state legislation preventing privately owned employment agencies from assessing fees for their services
  • Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918), striking down federal regulation of child labor
  • Duplex Printing Press Co. v. Deering (1921), construing federal legislation not to exempt labor unions from antitrust lawsuits
  • Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co. (1922), invalidating a federal tax on interstate commerce by employers hiring children
  • Adkins v. Children's Hospital (1923), striking down federal legislation mandating a minimum wage level for women and children in the District of Columbia
  • United States v. Butler (1936), construing congressional taxing power to invalidate the Agricultural Adjustment Act
  • Carter v. Carter Coal Company (1936), striking down federal legislation regulating the coal industry

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