In mathematics, localization of a category consists of adding to a category inverse morphisms for some collection of morphisms, constraining them to become isomorphisms. This is formally similar to the process of localization of a ring; it in general makes objects isomorphic that were not so before. In homotopy theory, for example, there are many examples of mappings that are invertible up to homotopy; and so large classes of homotopy equivalent spaces. Calculus of fractions is another name for working in a localized category.
Some significant examples follow.
Famous quotes containing the word category:
“The truth is, no matter how trying they become, babies two and under dont have the ability to make moral choices, so they cant be bad. That category only exists in the adult mind.”
—Anne Cassidy (20th century)