List Of Roman Consuls
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This is a list of Roman consuls, the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic and a high office of the Empire. If the emperor was consul, it was the highest office; if not, it was a high administrative office and remained the basis of marking time in the fasti.
For the early Roman Republic this article observes the Varronian chronology, first presented by Marcus Terentius Varro, in which Year 1 AUC becomes 754-753 BC (the Roman year was split over two modern years). The first year of the republic is 245 AUC, or 510-509 BC. This chronology was made official in the reign of Augustus, to which the Fasti Capitolini testify. It is however four years earlier than that of the most verifiable source, Livy. Livy's date of 506-505 BC is verified by counting his terms of magistrates backward from the known eclipse of 340 BC, which, according to Varro, would have happened in 344 BC. The magistrates and their exact dates are not always ascertainable; the sources vary.
For those individuals who served as Consul (usually Suffect, but occasionally Ordinary), but whose period in office is uncertain, see List of undated Roman consuls.
For those individuals who were elected to the office of Consul but never actually served due to death, disgrace, or any other reason prior to the commencement of their term, see List of Roman consuls designate.
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