List of Artifacts Significant To The Bible - Artifacts - 10th Century BC

10th Century BC

  • 6-chamber gates - (10th Century BCE) - "These gates have been found at Hazor, Megiddo, Gezer, and Lachish, and were associated especially by Yigael Yadin with Solomonic building projects."
  • Khirbet Qeiyafa pottery sherd – (10th century BC) inscription - both the language it was written in and the translation are disputed. Was discovered in excavations near Israel's Elah valley.
  • Gezer calendar (10th century BC) – calendar from the Biblical city of Gezer. It is one of the oldest known examples of Hebrew writing.
  • Tell es-Safi Potsherd (10th to mid 9th centuries BC) – Potsherd inscribed with the two names "alwt" and "wlt", etymologically related to the name Goliath and demonstrate that the name fits with the context of late-tenth/early-ninth-century BC Philistine culture. Found at Tell es-Safi, the traditional identification of Gath.
  • Large Stone Structure – possible site of King David's palace (tentatively dated to 10th to 9th century BCE).
  • Stepped Stone Structure – (1000-900 BC) - has been suggested as being Jebusite, the Millo, or part of the Large Stone Structure, which has been suggested as being part of King David's palace.
  • Bubastis portal – showing a series of inscriptions recounting pharaoh Shishaq's invasion of Judah and Israel in 925 BC, located outside the Temple of Amun at Karnak.(1 Kings 14:25; 2 Chronicles 12:1–12).
  • Shishaq Relief – depicts Egypt's victory over King Rehoboam c. 925 BC, time of the plunder of Solomon's Temple in Judah.
  • Khirbet Qeiyafa shrines- cultic objects seen as evidence of a "cult in Judah at time of King David" and with features (triglyphs and recessed doors) which may resemble features in descriptions of the Temple of Solomon.
  • Isbeth Sartah ostracon inscribed ostracon dating to 11th century BCE and containing Proto-Canaanite language. Aaron Demsky consider it " the oldest inscription emanating from a Hebrew cultural milieu." It is also considered to be an example of early literacy.

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