List of Archaeological Sites in Tennessee

List Of Archaeological Sites In Tennessee

The Tennessee Division of Archaeology maintains a database of all archaeological sites recorded within the state of Tennessee. As of January 1, 2009 this catalog contains more than 22,000 sites, including both prehistoric and historic resources. In Tennessee, Prehistoric is generally defined as the time between the appearance of the first people in the region (c. 12,000 BC) and the arrival of the first European explorers (c. 1540 AD). The Historic period begins after the arrival of those Europeans and continues to the present. Both these periods are further divided into subperiods and phases using established archaeological conventions for the region.

The following list of archaeological sites in Tennessee encompasses sites that have either contributed substantially or have the potential to contribute substantially to research regarding people who have lived in what is now Tennessee. Note that a historical site is not necessarily an archaeological site. According to the Tennessee Division of Archaeology Site Survey Record, official site numbers are generally assigned to historic sites only if artifacts and/or historic documentation for that site support a pre–1933 date. Historical sites are included in the following list only if actual field work has been conducted at the site.

The term cultural affiliation refers to the archaeological period when a site was created and/or occupied. Many sites were occupied during more than one archaeological period, and are therefore known as multicomponent. An example of a multicomponent site would be American Civil War earthworks constructed at the same location as a prehistoric Mississippian village. The cultural affiliation category in the list below refers only to periods in which the most significant occupation or event (e.g., a battle) took place at the site.

Archaeological sites recorded in Tennessee are assigned State Trinomials consisting of letter and number combinations that indicate the state and county where the site is found, and includes a sequential number identifying the specific site. For example, the trinomial 40DV11 designates the eleventh archaeological site recorded in Davidson County (DV), Tennessee (40) .

Legend for cultural affiliations:

  • Paleoindian — roughly 12,000 BC (and possibly earlier) to 8000 BC
  • Archaic — c. 8000 BC to 1000 BC
  • Woodland — c. 1000 BC - 1000 AD
  • Mississippian — c. 900 to 1600
  • Cherokee — affiliated with proto-historic and historic Cherokee occupation (c. 1600-1800)
  • British colonial — affiliated with Euro-American expansion, pre-1776.
  • American — affiliated with Euro-American occupation or events post-1776

The sites are listed alphabetically by county.

Read more about List Of Archaeological Sites In Tennessee:  Anderson County, Benton County, Blount County, Bradley County, Campbell County, Cheatham County, Chester County, Claiborne County, Clay County, Cocke County, Coffee County, Davidson County, Fayette County, Giles County, Greene County, Hamilton County, Hardeman County, Hardin County, Henderson County, Henry County, Hickman County, Humphreys County, Jackson County, Jefferson County, Johnson County, Knox County, Lake County, Lauderdale County, Loudon County, Madison County, McMinn County, McNairy County, Meigs County, Monroe County, Montgomery County, Morgan County, Pickett County, Polk County, Rhea County, Roane County, Rutherford County, Sevier County, Shelby County, Smith County, Stewart County, Sumner County, Tipton County, Van Buren County, Warren County, Washington County, White County, Williamson County, Wilson County, Location Not Publicized

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