Khmer may refer to:

  • Srok Khmer, the modern Kingdom of Cambodia
  • Khmer people, the ethnic group to which the great majority of Cambodians belong
    • Khmer Krom, Khmer people living in the Delta and the Lower Mekong area
    • Khmer Loeu, the Mon-Khmer highland tribes in Cambodia
    • Northern Khmer people, or Khmer Surin of Northeast Thailand
  • Khmer language, the language of the Khmer and the official language of Cambodia
  • Khmer script, the script used to write the Khmer and Khmer Loeu languages
  • Khmer cuisine, the dominant cuisine in Cambodia
  • Khmer architecture, the architecture of Cambodia
  • Khmer Empire, which ruled much of Indochina from the 9th to the 13th centuries
  • Khmer Republic, the name of Cambodia from 1970 to 1975
  • Khmer Issarak, anti-French, Khmer nationalist political movement formed in 1945
  • Khmer Serei, anti-communist and anti-monarchist guerrilla force founded by Cambodian nationalist Son Ngoc Thanh
  • Khmer Sar (White Khmer), pro-US force formed by Khmer Republic's defence minister Sak Sutsakhan.
  • Khmer (album), a 1997 jazz album by Nils Petter Molvær

Political terms coined by Norodom Sihanouk based on the word 'Khmer':

  • Khmer Rouge, a Cambodian Communist political group and guerrilla movement
  • Khmer Viet Minh Cambodian communists who lived in exile in North Vietnam after the 1954 Geneva Conference.
  • Khmer Bleu, Sihanouk's domestic opponents on the right, whom he so named to distinguish them from his domestic opponents on the left, the 'Khmer Rouge'