Jamgön Kongtrül, also Jamgoin Gongzhü in official transcription, is a name of a prominent line of Tibetan Buddhist teachers (lama), primarily identified with the first Jamgon Kongtrul, but also the name shared by members of a lineage held by tradition to be his subsequent reincarnations (tulku), to date.
The first Jamgon Kongtrul, Jamgön Kongtrül Lodrö Thayé, was one of the preeminent scholars in 19th century Tibet. Tibetan Buddhists believe that he had multiple simultaneous emanations; only one of these, Khyentse Özer, was called the second Jamgon Kongtrul. The recognition of the fourth Jamgon Kongtrul is presently in dispute, complicated by the ongoing controversy regarding the recognition of the genuine reincarnation of the 17th Karmapa.
The Jamgon Kongtruls are honored as lineage-holders of all the lineages of Tibetan Buddhism, although they are primarily identified with the Karma Kagyu lineage. The Jamgon Kongtruls have had a profound influence on many teachers and masters of the different schools.
Read more about Jamgon Kongtrul: The First Jamgon Kongtrul (1813-1899), The Second Jamgon Kongtrul (1902-1952), The Third Jamgon Kongtrul (1954-1992), The Fourth Jamgon Kongtrul (born 1995), Other Tulkus of Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Thaye, Works By Jamgon Kongtrul Lodro Thaye, Terma