Italian Campaign (World War II)

Italian Campaign (World War II)

Mediterranean, Middle East and African theatres of World War II
  • Adriatic
  • North Africa
  • East Africa
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Gibraltar
  • Malta
  • Dakar
  • Balkans
  • Gabon
  • Iraq
  • Syria-Lebanon
  • Madagascar
  • Bahrain
  • Palestine
  • Iran
  • Italy
  • Dodecanese
  • Southern France
Italian Campaign
  • Invasion of Sicily
  • Gela
  • Invasion of Italy
  • Armistice with Italy
  • Four days of Naples
  • Vatican Bombing
  • Volturno Line
  • Barbara Line
  • Bari Raid
  • Bernhardt Line
  • Monte la Difensa
  • Moro
  • Ortona
  • Monte Cassino
  • Anzio
  • Trasimene Line
  • Ancona
  • Gothic Line
  • Monte Castello
  • Anzio and Nettuno
  • Battle of Garfagnana
  • Spring offensive 1945
  • Argenta Gap
  • Collecchio

The Italian Campaign of World War II was the name of Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe. Joint Allied Forces Headquarters (AFHQ) was operationally responsible for all Allied land forces in the Mediterranean theatre, and it planned and commanded the invasion of Sicily and the campaign on the Italian mainland until the surrender of German forces in Italy in May 1945.

It is estimated that, between September 1943 and April 1945, some 60,000 Allied and 50,000 German soldiers died in Italy. Overall Allied casualties during the campaign totaled about 320,000 and the corresponding Axis figure (excluding those involved in the final surrender) was about 336,650. No campaign in Western Europe cost more than the Italian campaign in terms of lives lost and wounds suffered by infantry forces.

The independent states of San Marino and the Vatican, both surrounded by Italian territory, also suffered damage during the campaign.

Read more about Italian Campaign (World War II):  Strategic Background

Famous quotes containing the words italian, campaign and/or war:

    If the study of his images
    Is the study of man, this image of Saturday,
    This Italian symbol, this Southern landscape, is like
    A waking, as in images we awake,
    Within the very object that we seek,
    Participants of its being.
    Wallace Stevens (1879–1955)

    Dianne’s not one of the boys, but she’s not one of the girls, either.
    Marcia Smolens, U.S. political campaign aide. As quoted in Dianne Feinstein, ch. 15, by Jerry Roberts (1994)

    Serious sport has nothing to do with fair play. It is bound up with hatred, jealousy, boastfulness, disregard of all rules and sadistic pleasure in witnessing violence: in other words it is war minus the shooting.

    George Orwell (1903–1950)