The **gravitational constant** denoted by letter *G*, is an empirical physical constant involved in the calculation(s) of gravitational force between two bodies. It usually appears in Sir Isaac Newton's law of universal gravitation, and in Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity. It is also known as the **universal gravitational constant**, **Newton's constant**, and colloquially as **Big G**. It should not be confused with "little g" (*g*), which is the local gravitational field (equivalent to the free-fall acceleration), especially that at the Earth's surface.

Read more about Gravitational Constant: Laws and Constants, Dimensions, Units, and Magnitude, History of Measurement, The *GM* Product

### Famous quotes containing the word constant:

“Liberalism, austere in political trifles, has learned ever more artfully to unite a *constant* protest against the government with a *constant* submission to it.”

—Alexander Herzen (1812–1870)