Galois

• (noun): French mathematician who described the conditions for solving polynomial equations; was killed in a duel at the age of 21 (1811-1832).
Synonyms: Evariste Galois

Some articles on galois:

Arthur Milgram
... geometry, topology, partial differential equations, and Galois theory ... In Emil Artin's book Galois Theory, Milgram also discussed some applications of Galois theory ...
Embedding Problem
... In Galois theory, a branch of mathematics, the embedding problem is a generalization of the inverse Galois problem ... Roughly speaking, it asks whether a given Galois extension can be embedded into a Galois extension in such a way that the restriction map between the corresponding Galois groups is given ...
Liouville's Theorem (differential Algebra) - Relationship With Differential Galois Theory
... Liouville's theorem is sometimes presented as a theorem in differential Galois theory, but this is not strictly true ... The theorem can be proved without any use of Galois theory ... Furthermore, the Galois group of a simple antiderivative is either trivial (if no field extension is required to express it), or is simply the additive ...
The Story Of Maths - "To Infinity and Beyond" - Algebraic Geometry
... Évariste Galois had refined a new language for mathematics ... Galois believed mathematics should be the study of structure as opposed to number and shape ... Galois had discovered new techniques to tell whether certain equations could have solutions or not ...
Cubic Field - Galois Closure
... A cyclic cubic field K is its own Galois closure with Galois group Gal(K/Q) isomorphic to the cyclic group of order three ... However, any other cubic field K is a non-galois extension of Q and has a field extension N of degree two as its Galois closure ... The Galois group Gal(N/Q) is isomorphic to the symmetric group S3 on three letters ...