In philosophy, the term formal ontology is used to refer to an ontology defined by axioms in a formal language with the goal to provide an unbiased (domain- and application-independent) view on reality, which can help the modeler of domain- or application-specific ontologies (information science) to avoid possibly erroneous ontological assumptions encountered in modeling large-scale ontologies.
By maintaining an independent view on reality a formal (upper level) ontology gains the following properties:
- indefinite expandability:
- the ontology remains consistent with increasing content.
- content and context independence:
- any kind of 'concept' can find its place.
- accommodate different levels of granularity.
Theories on how to conceptualize reality date back as far as Plato and Aristotle.
Read more about Formal Ontology: Existing Formal Upper Level Ontologies (foundational Ontologies), Common Terms in Formal (upper-level) Ontologies, Formal Versus Nonformal
Famous quotes containing the word formal:
“The conviction that the best way to prepare children for a harsh, rapidly changing world is to introduce formal instruction at an early age is wrong. There is simply no evidence to support it, and considerable evidence against it. Starting children early academically has not worked in the past and is not working now.”
—David Elkind (20th century)