Formal Act of Defection From The Catholic Church

A formal act of defection from the Catholic Church (Latin actus formalis defectionis ab Ecclesia catholica) was an externally provable juridic act of departure from the Catholic Church, which was recognized from 1983 to 2009 in the Code of Canon Law as having certain juridical effects enumerated in canons 1086, 1117 and 1124. The concept of "formal" act of defection was narrower than that of "notorious" (publicly known) defection recognized in the 1917 Code of Canon Law and still narrower than the concept of "de facto" defection. In 2006, the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts specified in what a formal act of defection from the Catholic Church consisted. In 2009, all mention of a formal act of defection from the Catholic Church and of any juridical effects deriving from it was removed from the Code.

Read more about Formal Act Of Defection From The Catholic Church:  Procedure From 2006 To 2009, Abolition

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    [Ite missa est.]
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    Missal is book of prayers and rites used to celebrate the Roman Catholic mass during the year.

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    Bible: New Testament, Matthew 18:21,22.