Scotland and IrelandFurther information: Scottish Poor Laws and Irish Poor Laws
The Poor Law systems of Scotland and Ireland were distinct from the English Poor Law system covering England and Wales although Irish legislation was heavily influenced by the English Poor Law Amendment Act. In Scotland the Poor Law system was reformed by the 1845 Scottish Poor Law Act. In Ireland the Irish Poor Law Act of 1838 was the first attempt to put control of the destitute and responsibility for their welfare on a statutory basis. Due to exceptional overcrowding, workhouses in Ireland stopped admissions during the Irish Potato famine and increasingly resorted to outdoor relief. Emigration was sometimes used by landlords as a method of keeping the cost of poor relief down and removing surplus labour. Reforms after the Irish War of Independence resulted in the abolition of Boards of Guardians in the jurisdiction of the Irish Free State and their replacement by County Boards of Health.
Read more about this topic: English Poor Laws
Famous quotes containing the words scotland and/or ireland:
“Four and twenty at her back
And they were a clad out in green;
Tho the King of Scotland had been there
The warst o them might hae been his Queen.
On we lap and awa we rade
Till we cam to yon bonny ha
Whare the roof was o the beaten gold
And the floor was o the cristal a.”
—Unknown. The Wee Wee Man (l. 2128)
“They call them the haunted shores, these stretches of Devonshire and Cornwall and Ireland which rear up against the westward ocean. Mists gather here, and sea fog, and eerie stories. Thats not because there are more ghosts here than in other places, mind you. Its just that people who live hereabouts are strangely aware of them.”
—Dodie Smith, and Lewis Allen. Roderick Fitzgerald (Ray Milland)