In phylogenetics, the crown group of a collection of species consists of the living representatives of the collection together with their ancestors back to their last common ancestor as well as all of that ancestor's descendants. It is thus a clade, a group consisting of a species and all its descendents.
The name was given by Willi Hennig, the formulator of phylogenetic systematics, as a way of classifying living organisms relative to extinct ones. Though formulated in the 1970s, the term was not commonly used until its reintroduction in the 2000s by Graham Budd and Sören Jensen.
Famous quotes containing the words crown and/or group:
“Gray hair is a crown of glory; it is gained in a righteous life.”
—Bible: Hebrew, Proverbs 16:31.
“Just as a person who is always asserting that he is too good-natured is the very one from whom to expect, on some occasion, the coldest and most unconcerned cruelty, so when any group sees itself as the bearer of civilization this very belief will betray it into behaving barbarously at the first opportunity.”
—Simone Weil (19101943)