Croatia first appeared as a duchy in the 7th century and then as a kingdom in the 10th century. From the 12th century it remained a distinct state with its ruler (ban) and parliament, but it obeyed the kings and emperors of various neighboring powers, primarily Hungary and Austria. The period from the 15th to the 17th centuries was marked by bitter struggles with the Ottoman Empire. After being incorporated in Yugoslavia for most of the 20th century, Croatia regained independence in 1991.
Read more about Croatian History: Prehistoric Croatia, Roman Provinces of Pannonia and Dalmatia, Medieval Croatian States (until 925), Kingdom of Croatia (925–1102), Personal Union With Hungary (1102–1527), Croatia in Habsburg Monarchy (1527–1918), Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1941), World War II (1941–1945)
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“So in accepting the leading of the sentiments, it is not what we believe concerning the immortality of the soul, or the like, but the universal impulse to believe, that is the material circumstance, and is the principal fact in this history of the globe.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)