The Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV), also known as the Vietnamese Communist Party (VCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Although nominally it exists alongside the Vietnamese Fatherland Front, its maintains a unitary government and has centralized control over the state, military, and media. The supremacy of the Communist Party is guaranteed by Article 4 of the national constitution. The current 1st-ranked member of the Politburo is Trương Tấn Sang, the current President of Vietnam. Nguyễn Phú Trọng, the 8th ranked member of the 11th Politburo, holds the title of General Secretary of the Central Committee.
The highest institution of the CPV is the party's National Congress which elects the composition of the Central Committee. In between party congresses, the Central Committee is the supreme organ on party affairs. The Central Committee, in the immediate aftermath of a party congress, elects the Politburo and Secretariat as well as appointing the General Secretary, the highest party office. In between sessions of the Central Committee, the Politburo is the supreme organ on party affairs. However, it can only implement decisions that have been approved in advance by either the Central Committee or the party's National Congress. The current Politburo, the 11th, is composed of 14-members.
Famous quotes containing the words communist, party and/or vietnam:
“In a higher phase of communist society ... only then can the narrow horizon of bourgeois right be fully left behind and society inscribe on its banners: from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs.”
—Karl Marx (18181883)
“In all conversation between two persons, tacit reference is made, as to a third party, to a common nature. That third party or common nature is not social; it is impersonal; is God.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“Above all, Vietnam was a war that asked everything of a few and nothing of most in America.”
—Myra MacPherson, U.S. author. Long Time Passing: Vietnam and the Haunted Generation, epilogue (1984)