Vegetative cells of the reinhardtii species are haploid with 17 small chromosomes. Under nitrogen starvation, haploid gametes develop. There are two mating types, identical in appearance and known as mt(+) and mt(-), which can fuse to form a diploid zygote. The zygote is not flagellated, and it serves as a dormant form of the species in the soil. In the light the zygote undergoes meiosis and releases four flagellated haploid cells that resume the vegetative life cycle.
Under ideal growth conditions, cells may sometimes undergo two or three rounds of mitosis before the daughter cells are released from the old cell wall into the medium. Thus, a single growth step may result in 4 or 8 daughter cells per mother cell.
The cell cycle of this unicellular green algae can be synchronized by alternating periods of light and dark. The growth phase is dependent on light, whereas, after a point designated as the transition or commitment point, processes are light-independent.
Read more about this topic: Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii
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