The Canadian Wheat Board (French: Commission canadienne du blé) is a marketing board for wheat and barley in Western Canada. Established by the Parliament of Canada on July 5, 1935, its operation was governed by the Canadian Wheat Board Act as a mandatory producer marketing system for wheat and barley in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and a small part of British Columbia. It was illegal for any farmer in areas under the CWB's jurisdiction to sell their wheat and barley through any other channel than the CWB. Although often called a monopoly, it was actually a monopsony since it was the only buyer of wheat and barley.
Amid criticism, the Canadian Wheat Board's monopsony officially ended on August 1, 2012 as a result of Bill C-18, which was tabled by the Harper Government and passed in December 2011. The CWB continues to operate as a voluntary marketing organization.
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