Bolshoi (Russian: большой, meaning big, large, great) may refer to:

  • Bolshoi Theatre, a major ballet and opera theatre in Moscow, Russia
    • Bolshoi Ballet, resident ballet company at the Bolshoi Theatre
  • The Bolshoi, an English post-punk band
  • Bolshoi, an exceptionally large bell in Danilov Monastery, Moscow
  • 26793 Bolshoi, a main-belt asteroid