Biblical Mount Sinai

Biblical Mount Sinai

According to the Book of Exodus Mount Sinai (Hebrew: הר סיני, Har Sinai) is the mountain at which the Ten Commandments were given to Moses by God. In the Book of Deuteronomy, these events are described as having transpired at Mount Horeb.

According to the documentary hypothesis, the name "Sinai" is only used in the Torah by the Jahwist and Priestly Source, whereas Horeb is only used by the Elohist and Deuteronomist. "Sinai" and "Horeb" are generally considered to refer to the same place, although there is a small body of opinion that the two names may refer to different locations.

Early Old Testament text describes Mount Sinai in terms which some scholars believe may describe the mountain as a volcano, although the word is omitted. This theory is not shared by all scholars.

According to the Hebrew Bible, after leaving Egypt and crossing the Red Sea, the Israelites arrived at the foot of the holy mountain and gathered there in anticipation of the words of God.

Read more about Biblical Mount Sinai:  Etymology, Other Names, Biblical Description, Critical Views, Suggested Locations, Mount Sinai in Culture

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