Bean - Types


Currently, the world genebanks hold about 40,000 bean varieties, although only a fraction are mass-produced for regular consumption.

Beans, average, canned, sugarfree
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 334 kJ (80 kcal)
Carbohydrates 10.5 g
Fat 0.5 g
Protein 9.6 g
Percentages are relative to
US recommendations for adults.

Some bean types include:

  • Vicia
    • V. faba or broad bean
  • Vigna
    • V. aconitifolia or Moth bean
    • V. angularis or azuki bean
    • V. mungo or urad bean
    • V. radiata or mung bean
    • V. umbellatta or ricebean
    • V. unguiculata or cowpea (includes the black-eyed pea, yardlong bean and others)
  • Cicer
    • C. arietinum or chickpea (also known as the garbanzo bean)
  • Pisum
    • P. sativum or pea
  • Lathyrus
    • Lathyrus sativus (Indian pea)
    • Lathyrus tuberosus (Tuberous pea)
  • Lens
    • L. culinaris or lentil
  • Lablab
    • L. purpureus or hyacinth bean
  • Phaseolus
    • P. acutifolius or tepary bean
    • P. coccineus or runner bean
    • P. lunatus or lima bean
    • P. vulgaris or common bean (includes the pinto bean, kidney bean, caparrones, and many others)
    • P. polyanthus (aka P. Dumosus, recognized as a separate species in 1995)
  • Glycine
    • G. max or soybean
  • Psophocarpus
    • P. tetragonolobus or winged bean
  • Cajanus
    • C. cajan or pigeon pea
  • Stizolobium
    • S. spp or velvet bean
  • Cyamopsis
    • C. tetragonoloba or guar
  • Canavalia
    • C. ensiformis or jack bean
    • Canavalia gladiata or sword bean
  • Macrotyloma
    • M. uniflorum or horse gram
  • Lupinus or Lupin
    • L. mutabilis or tarwi
    • Lupinus albus or lupini bean
  • Erythrina
    • E. herbacea or Coral bean

Read more about this topic:  Bean

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