Astrological Sign - Indian Astrology

Indian Astrology

In Indian astrology, there are five elements: fire, earth, air, water and space. The master of fire is Mars, while Mercury is of earth, Saturn of air, Venus of water and Jupiter of space.

Jyotish astrology recognises twelve zodiac signs (Rāśi), that correspond to those in Western astrology. The relation of the signs to the elements is the same in the two systems.

Number Sanskrit International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration Sanskrit gloss Western name Greek Gloss Tattva (Element) Quality Ruling Planet
1 मेष Meṣa ram Aries Κριός ram Tejas (Fire) Cara (Movable) Mars
2 वृषभ Vṛṣabha bull Taurus Ταῦρος bull Prithivi (Earth) Sthira (Fixed) Venus
3 मिथुन Mithuna twins Gemini Δίδυμοι twins Vayu (Air) Dvisvabhava (Dual) Mercury
4 कर्कट Karkaṭa crab Cancer Καρκίνος crab Jala (Water) Cara (Movable) Moon
5 सिंह Siṃha lion Leo Λέων lion Tejas (Fire) Sthira (Fixed) Sun
6 कन्या Kanyā girl Virgo Παρθένος virgin Prithivi (Earth) Dvisvabhava (Dual) Mercury
7 तुला Tulā balance Libra Ζυγός balance Vayu (Air) Cara (Movable) Venus
8 वृश्चिक Vṛścika scorpion Scorpio Σκoρπιός scorpion Jala (Water) Sthira (Fixed) Mars
9 धनुष Dhanus bow Sagittarius Τοξότης archer Tejas (Fire) Dvisvabhava (Dual) Jupiter
10 मकर Makara sea-monster Capricorn Αἰγόκερως goat-horned Prithivi (Earth) Cara (Movable) Saturn
11 कुम्भ Kumbha pitcher Aquarius Ὑδροχόος water-pourer Vayu (Air) Sthira (Fixed) Saturn
12 मीन Mīna fish Pisces Ἰχθεῖς fish Jala (Water) Dvisvabhava (Dual) Jupiter

The dates for these zodiac signs are those in sidereal astrology, different from those in Hellenistic tropical astrology. Aries begins at the date when the sun enters into the constellation Aries, taking into account the precession of the equinoxes, while in tropical astrology Aries begins at the vernal equinox.

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