In Indian astrology, there are five elements: fire, earth, air, water and space. The master of fire is Mars, while Mercury is of earth, Saturn of air, Venus of water and Jupiter of space.
Jyotish astrology recognises twelve zodiac signs (Rāśi), that correspond to those in Western astrology. The relation of the signs to the elements is the same in the two systems.
|Number||Sanskrit||International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration||Sanskrit gloss||Western name||Greek||Gloss||Tattva (Element)||Quality||Ruling Planet|
|1||मेष||Meṣa||ram||Aries||Κριός||ram||Tejas (Fire)||Cara (Movable)||Mars|
|2||वृषभ||Vṛṣabha||bull||Taurus||Ταῦρος||bull||Prithivi (Earth)||Sthira (Fixed)||Venus|
|3||मिथुन||Mithuna||twins||Gemini||Δίδυμοι||twins||Vayu (Air)||Dvisvabhava (Dual)||Mercury|
|4||कर्कट||Karkaṭa||crab||Cancer||Καρκίνος||crab||Jala (Water)||Cara (Movable)||Moon|
|5||सिंह||Siṃha||lion||Leo||Λέων||lion||Tejas (Fire)||Sthira (Fixed)||Sun|
|6||कन्या||Kanyā||girl||Virgo||Παρθένος||virgin||Prithivi (Earth)||Dvisvabhava (Dual)||Mercury|
|7||तुला||Tulā||balance||Libra||Ζυγός||balance||Vayu (Air)||Cara (Movable)||Venus|
|8||वृश्चिक||Vṛścika||scorpion||Scorpio||Σκoρπιός||scorpion||Jala (Water)||Sthira (Fixed)||Mars|
|9||धनुष||Dhanus||bow||Sagittarius||Τοξότης||archer||Tejas (Fire)||Dvisvabhava (Dual)||Jupiter|
|10||मकर||Makara||sea-monster||Capricorn||Αἰγόκερως||goat-horned||Prithivi (Earth)||Cara (Movable)||Saturn|
|11||कुम्भ||Kumbha||pitcher||Aquarius||Ὑδροχόος||water-pourer||Vayu (Air)||Sthira (Fixed)||Saturn|
|12||मीन||Mīna||fish||Pisces||Ἰχθεῖς||fish||Jala (Water)||Dvisvabhava (Dual)||Jupiter|
The dates for these zodiac signs are those in sidereal astrology, different from those in Hellenistic tropical astrology. Aries begins at the date when the sun enters into the constellation Aries, taking into account the precession of the equinoxes, while in tropical astrology Aries begins at the vernal equinox.
Read more about this topic: Astrological Sign
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