Administrative Units of Pakistan - Structure of Administrative Units

Structure of Administrative Units

Pakistan's administrative units are as follows:

No. Administrative unit Local name Capital Population Area (km²) Population density
(inh. per km²)
1 Balochistan (province) بلوچستان Quetta 4.8% 39.3% 18.9
2 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (province) خیبرپختونخوا Peshawar 12.9% 8.5% 238.1
3 Punjab (province) پنجاب Lahore 53.7% 23.3% 358.5
4 Sindh (province) سنڌ سندھ Karachi 22.2% 16.0% 216
5 Islamabad Capital Territory وفاقی دارالحکومت Islamabad 0.6% 0.1% 888.8
6 Federally Administered Tribal Areas وفاقی قبائلی علاقہ جات Peshawar 2.3% 3.1% 116.7
7 Azad Kashmir آزاد کشمیر Muzaffarabad 2.2% 1.5% 223.6
8 Gilgit–Baltistan گلگت - بلتستان གིལྒིཏ་བལྟིསྟན Gilgit 1.3% 8.2% 24.8
Pakistan پاکستان Islamabad 182,000,000 881,889 ??

The provinces are sub-divided into 105 districts called zillahs (Urdu: ضلع‎). Zillahs are further subdivided into sub-districts called tehsils (Urdu: تحصیل‎) (roughly equivalent to counties). The term "Tehsil" is used everywhere except in Sindh province, where the term taluka (Urdu: تعلقہ‎) predominates. Tehsils may contain villages or municipalities. Pakistan has over five thousand local governments. Since 2001, these have been led by democratically elected local councils, each headed by a Nazim (Urdu: ناظم‎) ("supervisor" or "mayor"). Women have been allotted a minimum of 33% of the seats on these councils. Some districts, incorporating large metropolitan areas, are called City Districts. A City District may contain subdivisions called Towns and Union Councils.

The diagram below outlines the six tiers of government in Pakistan, together with an example.

Federal government
Province (e.g. Sindh)
Division (e.g. Larkana Division)
District (e.g. Shikarpur)
Tehsil/Taluka/Town (e.g. Naudero)
Union Council (e.g. Dhamrah)

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