The Young Turks (Turkish: Jön Türkler (plural) or Turkish: Genç Türkler (plural), from French: Les Jeunes Turcs) were a secularist Turkish nationalist reform party in the early twentieth century, favoring reformation of the absolute monarchy of the Ottoman Empire. Officially known as the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), their leaders led a rebellion against Sultan Abdul Hamid II. They ruled the Ottoman empire from 1908 until the end of World War I in November 1918.
Like other revolutionary societies, the Young Turks had their origins in secret societies of "progressive medical university students and military cadets", driven underground along with all political dissent after the Constitution was abolished by Hamid. CUP favored a re-installation of the short-lived constitution of 1876, written by progressive Midhat Pasha. They established the second constitutional era in 1908 with what would become known as the Young Turk Revolution.
In 1913, as the government was losing the Second Balkan War, Committee of Union and Progress seized power. The CUP-led government was headed by Minister of the Interior and Grand Vizier, Mehmed Talaat (1874–1921). Working with him were Minister of War, Ismail Enver (1881–1922) and Minister of the Navy, Ahmed Djemal Pasha (1872–1922). Until German archives were opened, historians treated the Three Pashas' government as a "Dictatorial Triumvirate". Now it appears that the party was rent by internal disagreements and loosely headed by a large number of the party's Central Committee.
The term "Young Turks" has since come to signify any groups or individuals inside an organization who seek prominence and power.
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... Originally the Arab reformist groups hoped their nationalist aims would be supported by the Young Turks, who had staged a revolution in 1908-1909 ... Unfortunately, after seizing power, the Young Turks became increasingly repressive and nationalistic ... Thus, the Arab nationalists could not count on the support of the Young Turks and instead were faced with opposition by the Turkish government ...
... The Young Turks (TYT) is the name of two daily news and political commentary programs hosted primarily by Cenk Uygur ... One show, known as The Young Turks broadcasts via live web stream and YouTube ... The second, known fully as The Young Turks with Cenk Uygur, premiered on 5 December 2011 and airs daily on Current TV ...
... These left-overs from the former Young Turk Party, who should have been made to account for the millions of our Christian subjects who were ruthlessly driven en ...
... During the 1970s, Chamlong and other Class 7 alumni formed the Young Military Officers Group, commonly referred to as the "Young Turks" ... The Young Turks espoused an ideology of incorruptible leadership and anti-leftism ... The Young Turks supported the military coup against the elected government of Seni Pramoj, following the bloody 6 October 1976 incident ...
... By their proselytizing, however, the "Young Turks" created an almost messianic image for their new leader and elicited a tremendous response from the people ... Allegedly, the Young Turks discussed using violence and intimidation as a means of furthering their push for independence ... for various reasons among which was that these Young Turks were regarded by many Europeans as genuinely violent and dangerous, and the month of August had seen further violent incidents ...
Famous quotes containing the word young:
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