Wilhelm Reich - 1930–1934: Germany, Denmark, Sweden - Character Analysis

Character Analysis

Further information: Character Analysis
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Concepts Psychosexual development
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Unconscious · Preconscious
Psychic apparatus
Id, ego and super-ego
Libido · Drive
Ego defenses · Resistance
Projection · Denial
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Paul Federn · Otto Fenichel
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Important works (1899)
The Interpretation of Dreams
The Psychopathology of
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Three Essays on the
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Beyond the Pleasure Principle
The Ego and the Id
Schools of thought Self psychology · Lacanian
Jungian · Object relations
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From 1925 to 1933, Reich worked on the ideas that he published as Charakteranalyse: Technik und Grundlagen für studierende und praktizierende Analytiker (1933), revised and published in English in 1946 and 1949 as Character Analysis. Robert Corrington writes that the book, regarded as Reich's masterpiece, sought to move psychoanalysis away from the treatment of symptoms toward a reconfiguration of character structure.

For Reich, character structure was the result of social processes, in particular a reflection of castration and Oedipal anxieties playing themselves out within the nuclear family. Les Greenberg and Jeremy Safran write that Reich proposed a functional identity between the character, emotional blocks, and tension in the body, or what he called muscular or body armour. (He blamed Freud's jaw cancer on his character armouring (Charakterpanzer), rather than on his smoking: Freud's Judaism meant he was "biting down" impulses, rather than expressing them.) He argued that dissolving the muscular armour would bring back the memory of the childhood repression that had caused the blockage in the first place.

Read more about this topic:  Wilhelm Reich, 1930–1934: Germany, Denmark, Sweden

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