Psychology

Psychology is an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behaviors. Psychology has the immediate goal of understanding individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases, and by many accounts it ultimately aims to benefit society. In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist, and can be classified as a social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the physiological and neurobiological processes that underlie certain cognitive functions and behaviors.

Psychologists explore concepts such as perception, cognition, attention, emotion, phenomenology, motivation, brain functioning, personality, behavior, and interpersonal relationships. Psychologists of diverse stripes also consider the unconscious mind. Psychologists employ empirical methods to infer causal and correlational relationships between psychosocial variables. In addition, or in opposition, to employing empirical and deductive methods, some—especially clinical and counseling psychologists—at times rely upon symbolic interpretation and other inductive techniques. Psychology has been described as a "hub science", with psychological findings linking to research and perspectives from the social sciences, natural sciences, medicine, and the humanities, such as philosophy.

While psychological knowledge is often applied to the assessment and treatment of mental health problems, it is also directed towards understanding and solving problems in many different spheres of human activity. The majority of psychologists are involved in some kind of therapeutic role, practicing in clinical, counseling, or school settings. Many do scientific research on a wide range of topics related to mental processes and behavior, and typically work in university psychology departments or teach in other academic settings (e.g., medical schools, hospitals). Some are employed in industrial and organizational settings, or in other areas such as human development and aging, sports, health, and the media, as well as in forensic investigation and other aspects of law.

Read more about PsychologyEtymology, History, Subfields, Research Methods

Other articles related to "psychology":

Criticism - Critical Psychology
... Main article Critical psychology Critical psychology is a sub-discipline aimed at evaluating mainstream psychology and attempts to apply psychology in ... One of critical psychology's main objections to conventional psychology is that it ignores the way power differences between social classes and groups can affect the mental and physical well-being ... Key elements within critical psychology include the study of power relations, situated knowledge, and the dualisms of the self and the agency, and the individual and the social ...
Psychology Of Religion - History - Modern Thinkers - James Hillman
... James Hillman, at the end of his book Re-Visioning Psychology, reverses James' position of viewing religion through psychology, urging instead that we view ... He concludes "Psychology as religion implies imagining all psychological events as effects of Gods in the soul." ...
Perception Management - Psychology
... A newly emerging section of psychology known as positive psychology has to do with controlling one's perception of the world ... Positive psychology says that in order to be most successful a person must perceive the world in a positive light ... This field of psychology is causing a lot of controversy as it is not accepted by traditional psychologists ...
Gordon Allport
... and is often referred to as one of the founding figures of personality psychology ... Allport had a profound and lasting influence on the field of psychology, even though his work is cited much less often than that of other well-known figures ... His brother Floyd Henry Allport, was professor of social psychology and political psychology at Syracuse University's Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs (in Syracuse, New York, USA) from 1924 until ...

Famous quotes containing the word psychology:

    Psychology has nothing to say about what women are really like, what they need and what they want, essentially because psychology does not know.... this failure is not limited to women; rather, the kind of psychology that has addressed itself to how people act and who they are has failed to understand in the first place why people act the way they do, and certainly failed to understand what might make them act differently.
    Naomi Weisstein, U.S. psychologist, feminist, and author. Psychology Constructs the Female (1969)

    We have lost the art of living; and in the most important science of all, the science of daily life, the science of behaviour, we are complete ignoramuses. We have psychology instead.
    —D.H. (David Herbert)

    A large part of the popularity and persuasiveness of psychology comes from its being a sublimated spiritualism: a secular, ostensibly scientific way of affirming the primacy of “spirit” over matter.
    Susan Sontag (b. 1933)