Viola Spolin (November 7, 1906 — November 22, 1994) was an important innovator of the American theater in the 20th century. She created directorial techniques to help actors to be focused in the present moment and to find choices improvisationally, as if in real life. These acting exercises she later called Theater Games and formed the first body of work that enabled other directors and actors to create improvisational theater. Her book, “Improvisation for the Theater,” which published these techniques, includes her philosophy, as well as her teaching and coaching methods and is considered the “bible of improvisational theater.” Spolin’s contributions were seminal to the improvisational theater movement in the U.S. She is considered to be the mother of Improvisational theater. Her work has influenced American theater, television and film by providing new tools and techniques that are now used by actors, directors and writers.
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Some articles on viola spolin:
... Lone Actor Theater Games for Rehearsal A Director's Handbook, Viola Spolin (author), Carol Bleakley Sills (Editor), Rob Reiner (Foreword) Text of Theater Games for Rehearsal Theater Game File Esercizi e ...
... in the improvisational acting exercises developed by Viola Spolin in the 1940s, 50s and 60s, now known as Theater Games ... Spolin can probably be considered the American Grandmother of Improv ... Second City opened its doors on December 16, 1959, directed by Paul Sill, his mother Viola Spolin began training new improvisers through a series of classes and exercises which became the cornerstone of ...
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“There are few places outside his own play where a child can contribute to the world in which he finds himself. His world: dominated by adults who tell him what to do and when to do itbenevolent tyrants who dispense gifts to their good subjects and punishment to their bad ones, who are amused at the cleverness of children and annoyed by their stupidities.”
—Viola Spolin (b. 1911)