"White Buses" refers to a program undertaken by the Swedish Red Cross and the Danish government in the spring of 1945 to rescue concentration camp inmates in areas under Nazi control and transport them to Sweden, a neutral country. Although the program was initially targeted at saving citizens of Scandinavian countries, it rapidly expanded to include citizens of other countries.
All told, the program removed 15,345 prisoners from mortal peril in concentration camps; of these 7,795 were Scandinavian and 7,550 were non-Scandinavian (Polish, French, etc.). In particular, 423 Danish Jews were saved from the Theresienstadt concentration camp inside German occupied terrority of Czechoslovakia, contributing significantly to the fact that the casualties among Danish Jews during the Holocaust were among the lowest of the occupied countries of Europe.
The term "white buses" originates from the buses having been painted white with red crosses to avoid confusion with military vehicles.
Inspired by this program, the Norwegian White Buses Foundation organises excursions to Sachsenhausen and the sites of other concentration camps for school classes, accompanied by first-hand witnesses and survivors.
Read more about White Buses: Scandinavian Prisoners in Germany, Evacuate or "stay Put"?, Swedish Help To The Prisoners, Establishing The Expedition, Departure, Renegotiation, Transports Start, Swedes To Sweden, Assisting The SS, Gathering in Neuengamme, The Danes Join, Theresienstadt, "We're Going To Sweden", Evacuation From Ravensbrück, The Last Evacuees, Reception and Accounting, White Buses Timeline, Later Debate
Other articles related to "white buses, white, buses":
... In the 1930s, White produced 500 of their small Model 706 buses specifically designed to carry passengers through the major National Parks of the western United ... Glacier National Park operates 33 of their original 35 buses, where they are referred to as "Red Jammers", and 8 (of an original 98) have been restored for renewed service in Yellowstone National Park ... Glacier National Park's 33 buses were refurbished by Ford Motor Company in 2000-2002, while Yellowstone National Park's eight buses were refurbished by the Transglobal Company of Livonia, Michigan in ...
... Following the war, some controversies arose regarding Bernadotte's leadership of the White Buses expedition, some personal and some as to the mission itself ... and understood "the necessity of our fight against World Jewry." Some controversy regarding the White Buses trip has also arisen in Scandinavia, particularly regarding the priority given to Scandinavian ...
... After the end of the Second World War the expedition of the "white buses" was widely approved, as a result of the number of prisoners saved ... Folke Bernadotte and the crew on the 'white buses' performed the largest Swedish humanitarian action during the Second World War ... Lomfors should ask forgiveness from the Swedish Red Cross and the crew of the 'white buses' who risked their lives in the operation ...
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