White Buses

White Buses

"White Buses" refers to a program undertaken by the Swedish Red Cross and the Danish government in the spring of 1945 to rescue concentration camp inmates in areas under Nazi control and transport them to Sweden, a neutral country. Although the program was initially targeted at saving citizens of Scandinavian countries, it rapidly expanded to include citizens of other countries.

All told, the program removed 15,345 prisoners from mortal peril in concentration camps; of these 7,795 were Scandinavian and 7,550 were non-Scandinavian (Polish, French, etc.). In particular, 423 Danish Jews were saved from the Theresienstadt concentration camp inside German occupied terrority of Czechoslovakia, contributing significantly to the fact that the casualties among Danish Jews during the Holocaust were among the lowest of the occupied countries of Europe.

The term "white buses" originates from the buses having been painted white with red crosses to avoid confusion with military vehicles.

Inspired by this program, the Norwegian White Buses Foundation organises excursions to Sachsenhausen and the sites of other concentration camps for school classes, accompanied by first-hand witnesses and survivors.

Read more about White BusesScandinavian Prisoners in Germany, Evacuate or "stay Put"?, Swedish Help To The Prisoners, Establishing The Expedition, Departure, Renegotiation, Transports Start, Swedes To Sweden, Assisting The SS, Gathering in Neuengamme, The Danes Join, Theresienstadt, "We're Going To Sweden", Evacuation From Ravensbrück, The Last Evacuees, Reception and Accounting, White Buses Timeline, Later Debate

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