Systems theory is the interdisciplinary study of systems in general, with the goal of elucidating principles that can be applied to all types of systems at all nesting levels in all fields of research. The term does not yet have a well-established, precise meaning, but systems theory can reasonably be considered a specialization of systems thinking, a generalization of systems science, a systems approach. The term originates from Bertalanffy's general system theory (GST) and is used in later efforts in other fields, such as the action theory of Talcott Parsons and the social systems theory of Niklas Luhmann.
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Some articles on systems theory:
... Systems Theory in Anthropology is an interdisciplinary, non-representative, non-referential, and non-Cartesian approach that brings together natural and social sciences to understand society in its complexity ... The basic idea of a system theory in social science is to solve the classical problem of duality mind-body, subject-object, form-content, signifier-signified, and structure-agency ... System theory, therefore, suggests that instead of creating closed categories into binaries (subject-object) the system should stay open so as to allow free flow of process and ...
... Systems science is an interdisciplinary field of science that studies the nature of complex systems in nature, society, and science ... Systems sciences covers formal sciences fields like complex systems, cybernetics, dynamical systems theory, and systems theory, and applications in the field of the natural and social sciences and engineering ...
... of Asia and English East India Company wrote “Systems analysis receives prominent attention ... He writes of the Company as a trading system, one in which the decision-rules employed by management can be mapped to a sequence of physical inputs and outputs, suggesting the Company operated like an ... Systems analysis enables him to test statistically a series of hypotheses, such as "average costs are a decreasing function of the volume of trade, the cost price of goods, and of time, with an associated level of ...
... the University of Cape Town, South Africa, integrated the key concepts of the systems and related fields, together with their unique theoretical contributions, into a coherent meta-theory ... The theory is also unique in having a graphic alphabet with which it can be explained visually ...
... Other fieldworks use systems theory concepts and ecological considerations to understand the shaman's lore ... in the ways that modern science (systems theory, ecology, new approaches in anthropology and archeology) treats causality in a less linear fashion ...
Famous quotes containing the words theory and/or systems:
“The things that will destroy America are prosperity-at-any- price, peace-at-any-price, safety-first instead of duty-first, the love of soft living, and the get-rich-quick theory of life.”
—Theodore Roosevelt (18581919)
“Our little systems have their day;
They have their day and cease to be:
They are but broken lights of thee,
And thou, O Lord, art more than they.”
—Alfred Tennyson (18091892)