Research and experimental development is formal work undertaken systematically to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications (OECD (2002) Frascati Manual: proposed standard practice for surveys on research and experimental development, 6th edition.) It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field. To test the validity of instruments, procedures, or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects, or the project as a whole. The primary purposes of basic research (as opposed to applied research) are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge. Approaches to research depend on epistemologies, which vary considerably both within and between humanities and sciences.
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Some articles on research:
... and liberal brain Following the Second World War, psychologists conducted research into the different motives and tendencies that account for ideological differences between left and right ... and methodological grounds, but some of its findings have been confirmed by further empirical research ... A meta-analysis of research literature by Jost, Glaser, Kruglanski, and Sulloway in 2003 found that many factors, such as intolerance of ambiguity and need for cognitive closure ...
... of artistic teaching becoming more academics-oriented is leading to artistic research being accepted as the primary mode of enquiry in art as in the case of other disciplines ... One of the characteristics of artistic research is that it must accept subjectivity as opposed to the classical scientific methods ... the social sciences in using qualitative research and intersubjectivity as tools to apply measurement and critical analysis ...
... Their use in stem cell research, reproductive cloning, and germline engineering are currently being explored ... The morality of this type of research is debated because an embryo is often used ...
... Craig Venter Institute, which conducts research in synthetic biology ... There is speculation that this line of research could lead to producing bacteria that have been engineered to perform specific reactions, for example ...
... As a graduate student in the 1930s Seaborg performed wet chemistry research for his advisor Gilbert Newton Lewis and published three papers with him on the theory of acids and bases ... for Chemistry in Berlin and it had a major impact on his developing interests as a research scientist ... years, Seaborg conducted important research in artificial radioactivity using the Lawrence cyclotron at UC Berkeley ...
More definitions of "research":
- (noun): Systematic investigation to establish facts.
- (verb): Attempt to find out in a systematically and scientific manner.
Example: "The student researched the history of that word"
Famous quotes containing the word research:
“The great question that has never been answered, and which I have not yet been able to answer, despite my thirty years of research into the feminine soul, is What does a woman want?”
—Sigmund Freud (18561939)
“Men talk, but rarely about anything personal. Recent research on friendship ... has shown that male relationships are based on shared activities: men tend to do things together rather than simply be together.... Female friendships, particularly close friendships, are usually based on self-disclosure, or on talking about intimate aspects of their lives.”
—Bettina Arndt (20th century)
“The working woman may be quick to see any problems with children as her fault because she isnt as available to them. However, the fact that she is employed is rarely central to the conflict. And overall, studies show, being employed doesnt have negative effects on children; carefully done research consistently makes this clear.”
—Grace Baruch (20th century)