War Communism

War communism or military communism (Russian: Военный коммунизм, 1918–1921) was the economic and political system that existed in Soviet Russia during the Russian Civil War, from 1918 to 1921. According to Soviet historiography, this policy was adopted by the Bolsheviks with the aim of keeping towns and the Red Army supplied with weapons and food, in conditions in which all normal economic mechanisms and relations were being destroyed by the war. "War communism", which began in June 1918, was enforced by the Supreme Economic Council, known as the Vesenkha. It ended on March 21, 1921 with the beginning of the New Economic Policy (NEP), which lasted until 1928.

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Other articles related to "war communism, war":

Five-Year Plans For The National Economy Of The Soviet Union - Background
... approve the NEP as a replacement for the War Communism that had been set up during the Russian Civil War ... In War Communism, the state had assumed control of all means of production, exchange and communication ... The N.E.P took over from the failed attempts of War Communism, during this time, the state had controlled all large enterprises (i.e ...
19th Century In Russia - Soviet Union - War Communism and The New Economic Policy
... until 1921 is known as the period of war communism ... having to surrender their surplus grain to the government as a part of its civil war policies ... Lenin began a strategic retreat from war communism known as the New Economic Policy (NEP) ...
History Of Soviet Russia And The Soviet Union (1917–1927) - The New Economic Policy
... During the Civil War (1917–1921), the Bolsheviks adopted War Communism, which entailed the breakup of the landed estates and the forcible seizure of agricultural surpluses ... The Kronstadt rebellion signaled the growing unpopularity of War Communism in the countryside in March 1921, at the end of the civil war, disillusioned sailors, primarily ... Tenth Party Congress it was decided to end War Communism and institute the New Economic Policy (NEP), in which the state allowed a limited market to exist ...
economic" class="article_title_2">War Communism - Results - Economic
... and the food requisitioning, combined with the effects of 7 years of war and a severe drought, contributed to a famine that caused between 3 and 10 million deaths ...
Leon Trotsky - After The Russian Revolution - Civil War (1918–1920) - 1920
... his experiences, he proposed abandoning the policies of War Communism, which included confiscating grain from peasants, and partially restoring the grain market ... Still committed to War Communism, Lenin rejected his proposal ... he directed should be militarized in the spirit of War Communism ...

Famous quotes containing the words communism and/or war:

    Christ in this country would quite likely have been arrested under the Suppression of Communism act.
    Joost de Blank (1908–1968)

    In time of war you know much more what children feel than in time of peace, not that children feel more but you have to know more about what they feel. In time of peace what children feel concerns the lives of children as children but in time of war there is a mingling there is not children’s lives and grown up lives there is just lives and so quite naturally you have to know what children feel.
    Gertrude Stein (1874–1946)