The violin is a string instrument, usually with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. It is the smallest, highest-pitched member of the violin family of string instruments, which also includes the viola and cello.

The violin is sometimes informally called a fiddle, regardless of the type of music played on it. The word violin comes from the Medieval Latin word vitula, meaning stringed instrument; this word is also believed to be the source of the Germanic "fiddle". The violin, while it has ancient origins, acquired most of its modern characteristics in 16th-century Italy, with some further modifications occurring in the 18th and 19th centuries. Violinists and collectors particularly prize the instruments made by the Gasparo da Salò, Giovanni Paolo Maggini, Stradivari, Guarneri and Amati families from the 16th to the 18th century in Brescia and Cremona and by Jacob Stainer in Austria. Great numbers of instruments have come from the hands of "lesser" makers, as well as still greater numbers of mass-produced commercial "trade violins" coming from cottage industries in places such as Saxony, Bohemia, and Mirecourt. Many of these trade instruments were formerly sold by Sears, Roebuck and Co. and other mass merchandisers.

A person who makes or repairs violins is called a luthier, or simply a violin maker. The parts of a violin are usually made from different types of wood (although electric violins may not be made of wood at all, since their sound may not be dependent on specific acoustic characteristics of the instrument's construction), and it is usually strung with gut, nylon or other synthetic, or steel strings.

Someone who plays the violin is called a violinist or a fiddler. The violinist produces sound by drawing a bow across one or more strings (which may be stopped by the fingers of the other hand to produce a full range of pitches), by plucking the strings (with either hand), or by a variety of other techniques. The violin is played by musicians in a wide variety of musical genres, including Baroque music, classical, jazz, folk music, rock and roll, and Soft rock. The violin has come to be played in many non-Western music cultures all over the world.

Read more about Violin:  History, Construction and Mechanics, Tuning, Bows, Playing, Fiddle, Electric Violins, Violin Authentication

Other articles related to "violin, violins":

Midori Gotō - Discography
... Bach/Vivaldi Double Violin Concertos, Bach Concerto in D Minor, Concerto in E Vivaldi Concerto in C Minor, Concerto in A Minor Op 3 No. 8 Philips 3/1986 Paganini 24 Caprices for Solo Violin, Op.1 Bartók Concerto No.1 for Violin and Orchestra, Op ... Bartók Concerto No.2 for Violin and Orchestra Midori "Live At Carnegie Hall" Dvořák Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in A minor, Op ...
Violin Authentication
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Gibson Stradivarius
... The Gibson ex-Huberman Stradivarius of 1713 is an antique violin fabricated by Antonio Stradivari of Cremona ... The first time the violin was returned shortly after the theft the second theft, by musician Julian Altman, occurred on the evening of 28 February 1936, backstage at Carnegie Hall, while Huberman performed ... deathbed confession to his wife that he had stolen the violin ...
Hagai Shaham
... שחם‎, born July 8, 1966) is an acclaimed Israeli violin virtuoso ... He began studying the violin at the age of six and was the last student of the late Professor Ilona Feher ... He is also a violin teacher, and a professor at the Buchmann-Mehta School of Music (formerly the Samuel Rubin Israel Academy of Music), in the Faculty of Arts at Tel Aviv University ...
Midori Gotō - Biography
... She was first taught the violin by her mother, Setsu Gotō ... On her third birthday, her grandmother gave her a 1/16 size violin, whereupon her mother decided to teach her the violin ... Bach's 13-minute Chaconne, generally considered one of the most difficult solo violin pieces ever written ...

Famous quotes containing the word violin:

    Carry hate
    In front of you and harmony behind.
    Be deaf to music and to beauty blind.
    Win war. Rise bloody, maybe not too late
    For having first to civilize a space
    Wherein to play your violin with grace.
    Gwendolyn Brooks (b. 1917)

    So I cradle this average violin that knows
    Only forgotten showtunes, but argues
    The possibility of free declamation anchored
    To a dull refrain....
    John Ashbery (b. 1927)

    Life is like playing a violin solo in public and learning the instrument as one goes on.
    Samuel Butler (1835–1902)