The violin is a string instrument, usually with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. It is the smallest, highest-pitched member of the violin family of string instruments, which also includes the viola and cello.
The violin is sometimes informally called a fiddle, regardless of the type of music played on it. The word violin comes from the Medieval Latin word vitula, meaning stringed instrument; this word is also believed to be the source of the Germanic "fiddle". The violin, while it has ancient origins, acquired most of its modern characteristics in 16th-century Italy, with some further modifications occurring in the 18th and 19th centuries. Violinists and collectors particularly prize the instruments made by the Gasparo da Salò, Giovanni Paolo Maggini, Stradivari, Guarneri and Amati families from the 16th to the 18th century in Brescia and Cremona and by Jacob Stainer in Austria. Great numbers of instruments have come from the hands of "lesser" makers, as well as still greater numbers of mass-produced commercial "trade violins" coming from cottage industries in places such as Saxony, Bohemia, and Mirecourt. Many of these trade instruments were formerly sold by Sears, Roebuck and Co. and other mass merchandisers.
A person who makes or repairs violins is called a luthier, or simply a violin maker. The parts of a violin are usually made from different types of wood (although electric violins may not be made of wood at all, since their sound may not be dependent on specific acoustic characteristics of the instrument's construction), and it is usually strung with gut, nylon or other synthetic, or steel strings.
Someone who plays the violin is called a violinist or a fiddler. The violinist produces sound by drawing a bow across one or more strings (which may be stopped by the fingers of the other hand to produce a full range of pitches), by plucking the strings (with either hand), or by a variety of other techniques. The violin is played by musicians in a wide variety of musical genres, including Baroque music, classical, jazz, folk music, rock and roll, and Soft rock. The violin has come to be played in many non-Western music cultures all over the world.
Other articles related to "violin, violins":
... Bach/Vivaldi Double Violin Concertos, Bach Concerto in D Minor, Concerto in E Vivaldi Concerto in C Minor, Concerto in A Minor Op 3 No. 3/1986 Paganini 24 Caprices for Solo Violin, Op.1 Bartók Concerto No.1 for Violin and Orchestra, Op ... Bartók Concerto No.2 for Violin and Orchestra Midori "Live At Carnegie Hall" Dvořák Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in A minor, Op ...
... She was first taught the violin by her mother, Setsu Gotō ... On her third birthday, her grandmother gave her a 1/16 size violin, whereupon her mother decided to teach her the violin ... In 1982 she and her mother moved to New York City, where Midori started violin studies with Dorothy DeLay at Juilliard Pre-College ...
... The Gibson ex-Huberman Stradivarius of 1713 is an antique violin fabricated by Antonio Stradivari of Cremona ... The first time the violin was returned shortly after the theft the second theft, by musician Julian Altman, occurred on the evening of 28 February 1936, backstage at Carnegie Hall ... result of Altman's deathbed confession to his wife that he had stolen the violin ...
... Hagai Shaham (Hebrew חגי שחם, born July 8, 1966) is an acclaimed Israeli violin virtuoso ... He began studying the violin at the age of six and was the last student of the late Professor Ilona Feher ... He is also a violin teacher, and a professor at the Buchmann-Mehta School of Music (formerly the Samuel Rubin Israel Academy of Music), in the Faculty of Arts at Tel Aviv University ...
... Violin authentication is the process of determining the maker and manufacture date of a violin ... As significant value may be attached to violins made either by specific makers or at specific times and locations, forgery and other methods of fraudulent ... Bagpipe Cittern Cornett Harp Harpsichord Hornpipe Hurdy gurdy Irish harp Jew's harp Kit violin Lute Mandora Mandore Panpipe Pochette Recorder Reed pipe ...
Famous quotes containing the word violin:
“To regard ones immortality as an exchange of matter is as strange as predicting the future of a violin case once the expensive violin it held has broken and lost its worth.”
—Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (18601904)
“Philosophy, astronomy, and politics were marked at zero, I remember. Botany variable, geology profound as regards the mud stains from any region within fifty miles of town, chemistry eccentric, anatomy unsystematic, sensational literature and crime records unique, violin player, boxer, swordsman, lawyer, and self-poisoner by cocaine and tobacco.”
—Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (18591930)
“So I cradle this average violin that knows
Only forgotten showtunes, but argues
The possibility of free declamation anchored
To a dull refrain....”
—John Ashbery (b. 1927)