United Nations Security Council and The Iraq War

United Nations Security Council And The Iraq War

Timelines

  • 2003
  • 2004
  • 2005
  • 2006
  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011

Phases

  • Invasion
  • Post-invasion insurgency
  • Civil war
  • Insurgency 2008-2011
    • US withdrawal violence
Battles and operations
of the Iraq War

Invasion (2003)

  • Umm Qasr
  • Al Faw
  • 1st Basra
  • Nasiriyah
  • Raid on Karbala
  • 1st Najaf
  • Northern Delay
  • Viking Hammer
  • Samawah
  • 1st Karbala
  • Al Kut
  • Hillah
  • Green Line
  • Karbala Gap
  • Baghdad
  • Debecka Pass
  • Kani Domlan Ridge

Post-invasion insurgency

  • Al Anbar
  • 1st Ramadan
  • Red Dawn
  • Spring 2004
  • 1st Fallujah
  • Sadr City
  • 1st Ramadi
  • Husaybah
  • 2nd Najaf
  • CIMIC-House
  • Samarra
  • 2nd Fallujah
  • Mosul
  • Lake Tharthar
  • Al Qaim
  • Hit
  • Haditha
  • Steel Curtain
  • Tal Afar
  • 2nd Ramadi
  • Together Forward
  • Diwaniya

Civil War

  • 2nd Ramadan
  • Sinbad
  • Amarah
  • Turki
  • Diyala
  • Haifa Street
  • Karbala Raid
  • 3rd Najaf
  • Imposing Law
  • U.K. bases
  • Black Eagle

Surge (2007)

  • Baghdad belts
  • Baqubah
  • Donkey Island
  • Shurta Nasir
  • Phantom Strike
  • 2nd Karbala
  • Phantom Phoenix

Insurgency (2008-2011)

  • 2008 Day of Ashura
  • Ninawa
  • Spring 2008
  • 2nd Basra
  • 2008 Al-Qaeda Offensive
  • Augurs of Prosperity
  • Abu Kamal

Drawdown

  • Palm Grove
Insurgent attacks of the
Iraq War

indicates attacks resulting in over 100 deaths
§ indicates the deadliest attack in the Iraq War
This list only includes major attacks.

2003
1st Baghdad
2nd Baghdad
Najaf
3rd Baghdad
1st Nasiriyah
1st Karbala
2004
Irbil
Ashoura
1st Basra
Mosul
4th Baghdad
5th Baghdad
Karbala-Najaf
1st Baqubah
Kufa
FOB Marez
2005
‡ 1st Al Hillah
‡ Musayyib
6th Baghdad
7th Baghdad
1st Balad
Khanaqin
2006
‡ Karbala-Ramadi
1st Samarra
8th Baghdad
9th Baghdad
‡ 10th Baghdad
2007
11th Baghdad
12th Baghdad
13th Baghdad
14th Baghdad
15th Baghdad
2nd Al Hillah
1st Tal Afar
16th Baghdad
17th Baghdad
2nd & 3rd Karbala
18th Baghdad
Makhmour
Abu Sayda
2nd Samarra
19th Baghdad
Amirli
1st Kirkuk
20th Baghdad
21st Baghdad
§ Qahtaniya
Amarah
2008
22nd Baghdad
2nd Balad
23rd Baghdad
4th Karbala
24th Baghdad
Karmah
2nd Baqubah
Dujail
Balad Ruz
2009
25th Baghdad
26th Baghdad
Baghdad-Muqdadiyah
Taza
27th Baghdad
2nd Kirkuk
2nd Tal Afar
28th Baghdad
29th Baghdad
30th Baghdad
2010
31st Baghdad
32nd Baghdad
3rd Baqubah
33rd Baghdad
34th Baghdad
35th Baghdad
1st Pan-Iraq
36th Baghdad
37th Baghdad
2nd Pan-Iraq
38th Baghdad
39th Baghdad
40th Baghdad
2011
41st Baghdad
3rd Pan-Iraq
Karbala-Baghdad
42nd Baghdad
Tikrit
3rd Al Hillah
3rd Samarra
Al Diwaniyah
Taji
4th Pan-Iraq
43rd Baghdad
4th Karbala
44th Baghdad
2nd Basra

In March 2003 the United States government announced that "diplomacy has failed" and that it would proceed with a "coalition of the willing" to rid Iraq under Saddam Hussein of weapons of mass destruction the US insisted it possessed. The 2003 invasion of Iraq began a few days later.

Prior to this decision, there had been much diplomacy and debate amongst the members of the United Nations Security Council over how to deal with the situation. This article examines the positions of these states as they changed during 2002-2003.

Prior to 2002, the Security Council had passed 16 resolutions on Iraq. In 2002, the Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 1441.

In 2003, the governments of the US, Britain, and Spain proposed another resolution on Iraq, which they called the "eighteenth resolution" and others called the "second resolution." This proposed resolution was subsequently withdrawn when it became clear that several permanent members of the Council would cast no votes on any new resolution, thereby vetoing it. Had that occurred, it would have become even more difficult for those wishing to invade Iraq to argue that the Council had authorized the subsequent invasion. Regardless of the threatened or likely vetoes, it seems that the coalition at no time was assured any more than four affirmative votes in the Council—the US, Britain, Spain, and Bulgaria—well short of the requirement for nine affirmative votes.

On September 16, 2004 Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan, speaking on the invasion, said, "I have indicated it was not in conformity with the UN Charter. From our point of view, from the charter point of view, it was illegal."

Read more about United Nations Security Council And The Iraq War:  Inspections, Colin Powell's Presentation, Report of Hans Blix On February 14, Report of Blix On March 7, Invasion, Positions of Security Council Members, Powell Retraction

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