An underground city is a series of linked subterranean spaces that may provide a defensive refuge; a place for living, working or shopping; a transit system; mausolea; wine or storage cellars; cisterns or drainage channels; or several of these. The term may also refer to a network of tunnels that connects buildings beneath street level. These tunnels may house office blocks, shopping malls, metro stations, theatres, and other attractions. These passages can usually be accessed through the public space of any of the buildings connecting to them, and sometimes have separate entries as well. The latter definition encompasses many modern structures, while the former more generally covers tunnel systems from ancient times to the present day.
Underground cities are especially important in cities with cold or hot climates, as they permit the downtown core to be comfortably accessible year round without regard to the weather.
Underground cities are similar in nature to skyway systems and may include some buildings linked by skyways or above-ground corridors rather than underground.
Possibly the most famous underground cities are Montreal's RÉSO, used by more people than any other locale and is the largest underground city network in the world, and Toronto's PATH, which according to Guinness World Records, is the largest underground shopping complex in the world with 371,600 square metres (3,999,869 sq ft) of retail space. Japan's underground networks, while individually smaller, are the most extensive overall with an estimated 76 underground shopping streets totaling over 900,000 square metres (9,687,519 sq ft) of floor space in 1996, with many expansions since then. Countries with underground cities include:
Read more about Underground City: Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, China, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Iran, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, Philippines, Poland, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States
Other articles related to "underground city, city, underground":
... two brothers caught in a range of conspiracies revolving around the underground city's construction ... Eizou Eiji's brother who is also caught up in the events surrounding the underground city's construction ... Rock as "Kenbo" Doctor Takano The scientist leading the construction of the underground city ...
... building, mission assignment within the underground city, and combat in various arenas on the surface of the planet ... Within the underground city, the player can interact with other non-player characters to learn of missions, buy new skills, arrange and alter their Arsenals, and review memory boxes recovered during ... nature of combat, a player can create and adjust their Arsenal back in the underground city using existing and new skills they can earn or purchase ...
... Episode title Original air date 01 "The City Where The Aurora Falls" "Ōrora no Furu Machi" (オーロラの降る街) October 06, 2005 Roy Revant is a bounty hunter and is tracking ... protecting a briefcase from theft by the infamous Anderson brothers for the city hospital's director. 2005 Roy, Solty, and Rose are pursuing a criminal through some abandoned areas of the city, when all of a sudden the floor collapses trapping Solty and Rose in the ...
... Montreal's Underground City (French La ville souterraine) is the set of underground city complexes in and around downtown ... It is also known as the indoor city (ville intérieure), as not all of it is underground ... There are more than 120 exterior access points to the underground city ...
... Every February, Art Souterrain presents a journey through the central segment of the Underground City during the Montreal Highlights Festival, showing contemporary artistic projects. ...
Famous quotes containing the words city and/or underground:
“Overcome the Empyrean; hurl
Heaven and Earth out of their places,
That in the same calamity
Brother and brother, friend and friend,
Family and family,
City and city may contend.”
—William Butler Yeats (18651939)
“The only free road, the Underground Railroad, is owned and managed by the Vigilant Committee. They have tunneled under the whole breadth of the land.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)