The vowels of the Turkish language are, in their alphabetical order, ⟨a⟩, ⟨e⟩, ⟨ı⟩, ⟨i⟩, ⟨o⟩, ⟨ö⟩, ⟨u⟩, ⟨ü⟩. There are no diphthongs in Turkish and when two vowels come together, which occurs in some Arabic loanwords, each vowel retains its individual sound.
|/i/||,||close front unrounded||/dil/||dil||'tongue'|
|/y/||,||close front rounded||/ɟyˈneʃ/||güneş||'sun'|
|/ɯ/||,||close back unrounded||/ɯˈɫɯk/||ılık||'lukewarm'|
|/e/||,||mid front unrounded||/ses/||ses||'sound'|
|/ø/||,||mid front rounded||/ɟøɾ/||gör-||'to see'|
|/a/||,||open central unrounded||/daɫ/||dal||'branch'|
|/o/||mid back rounded||/joɫ/||yol||'way'|
|/u/||,||close back rounded||/uˈtʃak/||uçak||'aeroplane'|
(/ø/ may also be transcribed as ⟨œ⟩ (as in the vowel chart at right), but has the same mid height as /e/ and /o/.)
Although a central vowel phonetically, /a/ is phonologically a "back" vowel based on its patterning with other back vowels in harmonic processess and the alternation of adjacent consonants (see above). The vowel /e/ plays the role as the "front" analog of /a/.
All vowels but /o a/ have lowered allophones word-finally: . In addition, for most people /e/ has an allophone before a syllable-coda /m n l r/, so that perende 'somersault' is pronounced . There are a limited number of words, such as kendi 'self' and hem 'both', which are pronounced with by some people and with by some others.
In the sequence , the /a/ is significantly raised.
Read more about this topic: Turkish Phonology
Other articles related to "vowels, vowel":
... meaning that consonants are written with letters while vowels are indicated with diacritics (pilla) on those consonants, unlike English where both consonants and vowels are full letters, or Urdu where vowels need ... Also, when no diacritic is used, an "inherent vowel", either /a/ or /ə/, is understood, depending on the position of the consonant within the word ... The various vowels are written කා kā, කැ kä, කෑ kǟ (after the consonant), කි ki, කී kī (above the consonant), කු ku, කූ kū (b ...
... The Nganasan language includes 10 vowels and about 20 consonant phonemes ... Nganasan vowels Front Central Back Close i, y ɨ u Mid e ə o Open ⁱa ɐ ᵘa Several bisyllabic sequences of vowels are possible -i -y -ɨ -u -ə -ɐ i- ii iə iɐ y- yy yə y ...
... Vocal sounds are divided into two basic categories-vowels and consonants-with a wide variety of sub-classifications ... and serious voice students spend a great deal of time studying how the voice forms vowels and consonants, and studying the problems that certain consonants or vowels may cause while singing ...
... have nasal allophones such as before nasal vowels ... There are seven vowels, /i e ɛ a ɔ o u/, all of which may be long or nasal, and three tones ... Syllable structure is simple, being maximally CVV, where VV is either a long vowel or /i, u/ plus a different oral or nasal vowel Labial Labiodental Alveolar Palatal Velar Labio-velar Glottal ...
... Romanian has a broad process of alternating between a mid vowel and a "low" vowel /e̯a/ alternates with /e/, /o̯a/ with /o/, and /a/ with /ə/ ... Originally, this was the result of a phonological process wherein mid vowels (Balkan Latin, by this time, had merged the long and short mid vowels ... as shown in the examples below, where stressed vowels and diphthongs are highlighted in bold Stressed Unstressed a - ə carte 'book' cărticică 'book ...
Famous quotes containing the word vowels:
“Playing bop is like playing Scrabble with all the vowels missing.”
—Duke Ellington (18991974)
“These equal syllables alone require,
Though oft the ear the open vowels tire;”
—Alexander Pope (16881744)
“As no one can tell what was the Roman pronunciation, each nation makes the Latin conform, for the most part, to the rules of its own language; so that with us of the vowels only A has a peculiar sound.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)