Tourism

Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes".

Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2011, there were over 983 million international tourist arrivals worldwide, representing a growth of 4.6% when compared to 940 million in 2010. International tourism receipts (the travel item of the balance of payments) grew to US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 3.8% from 2010. In 2011, international travel demand continued to recover from the losses resulting from the late-2000s recession, where tourism suffered a strong slowdown from the second half of 2008 through the end of 2009. After a 5% increase in the first half of 2008, growth in international tourist arrivals moved into negative territory in the second half of 2008, and ended up only 2% for the year, compared to a 7% increase in 2007. The negative trend intensified during 2009, exacerbated in some countries due to the outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus, resulting in a worldwide decline of 4.2% in 2009 to 880 million international tourists arrivals, and a 5.7% decline in international tourism receipts.

Tourism is important, and in some cases, vital for many countries. It was recognized in the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980 as "an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational and economic sectors of national societies and on their international relations." Tourism brings in large amounts of income in payment for goods and services available, accounting for 30% of the world's exports of services, and 6% of overall exports of goods and services. It also creates opportunities for employment in the service sector of the economy, associated with tourism. These service industries include transportation services, such as airlines, cruise ships and taxicabs; hospitality services, such as accommodations, including hotels and resorts; and entertainment venues, such as amusement parks, casinos, shopping malls, music venues and theatres.

Read more about Tourism:  Etymology, History, Recent Developments, Growth

Other articles related to "tourism":

History Of The Alps - Modern History (1900 To Present) - Tourism and Alpinism
... Exploration of the High Alps and Tourism in Switzerland#History The fascination that the Alps exerted on the British has to be related to the general ... The convergence of these phenomena granted to Alpine tourism a central position ... in the establishment of a “truly international industry” of tourism ...
Edgartown, Massachusetts - Tourism
... Edgartown was used as the main shooting location for the town of Amity in Steven Spielberg's 1975 blockbuster Jaws ... Many landmarks and buildings in Edgartown that were filmed in the movie can still be seen today ...
Niagara Falls, New York - Economy
... This move away from the city's industrial past to embrace a tourism-based economy has led the city to reinvent itself in marketing in recent years ... The official tourism promotion agency, Niagara Tourism and Convention Corporation (NTCC), was adopted in 2005 ... the County as a premier destination for meetings, conventions and leisure tourism ...
Tourism - Growth - Latest Trends
... This slowdown on international tourism demand was also reflected in the air transport industry, with a negative growth in September 2008 and a 3.3% growth in passenger traffic ... In 2009 worldwide tourism arrivals decreased by 3.8% ... However, evidence suggests that tourism as a global phenomena shows no signs of substantially abating in the long term ...
Hawaii (island) - Economy
... Most of Hawaiʻi Island's economy is based on tourism (see Tourism in Hawaii), centered primarily in resort areas on the western coast of the island in the North Kona and South Kohala districts ... More recently, Hawaiʻi Island has become a focus for sustainable tourism ...

Famous quotes containing the word tourism:

    In the middle ages people were tourists because of their religion, whereas now they are tourists because tourism is their religion.
    Robert Runcie (b. 1921)