Terroir ( from terre, "land") is the special characteristics that the geography, geology and climate of a certain place, interacting with the plant's genetics, expressed in agricultural products such as wine, coffee, chocolate, tomatoes, heritage wheat and tea. The concept has also crossed to other Protected Appellations of Origin (PDOs a form of geographical indication), products such as cheeses.

Terroir can be very loosely translated as "a sense of place," which is embodied in certain characteristic qualities, the sum of the effects that the local environment has had on the production of the product. Terroir is often italicized in English writing to show that it is a French loanword.

The concept of terroir is at the base of the French wine Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) system that has been the model for appellation and wine laws across the globe. At its core is the assumption that the land from which the grapes are grown imparts a unique quality that is specific to that growing site. The amount of influence and the scope that falls under the description of terroir has been a controversial topic in the wine industry.

Read more about Terroir:  Origins, Elements of terroir, Influences of Viticulture and Winemaking, Terroir in Other Drinks, Appellation Systems, Popular Culture

Other articles related to "terroir":

Terroir - Popular Culture
... The concept of terroir has been discussed in several films and television shows ... interviews with a number of small producers, mostly French, who talk about terroir ... episode is almost entirely devoted to Oz Clarke teaching James May about terroir ...
Lussac-Saint-Émilion - Terroir
... The terroir of Lussac is characterized by the diversity of its soils, distributed between the plateaus, the sides of the hills and small valleys ...
TERROIR (architecture Firm) - Media
... of Technology Sydney (UTS) published Terroir Cosmopolitan Ground, edited by Balmforth and Reinmuth ... TERROIR was included in the 2008 Venice Biennale ... TERROIR is selected to be creative directors of the 2009 Australian Institute of Architects annual conference, entitled Parallax, to be held in Melbourne ...