Tasmania - Ecology

Ecology

Geographically and genetically isolated, Tasmania is known for its unique flora and fauna. Tasmania has extremely diverse vegetation, from the heavily grazed grassland of the dry Midlands to the tall evergreen eucalypt forest, alpine heathlands and large areas of cool temperate rainforests and moorlands in the rest of the state. Many flora species are unique to Tasmania, and some are related to species in South America and New Zealand through ancestors which grew on the super continent of Gondwana, 50 million years ago. The island of Tasmania was home to the Thylacine, a marsupial which resembled a wild dog. Known colloquially as the Tasmanian Tiger for the distinctive striping across its back, it became extinct in mainland Australia much earlier because of competition by the dingo, introduced in prehistoric times. Owing to persecution by farmers, government-funded bounty hunters and, in the final years, collectors for overseas museums, it appears to have been exterminated in Tasmania. The Tasmanian devil became the largest carnivorous marsupial in the world following the extinction of the thylacine in 1936, and is now found in the wild only in Tasmania.

Read more about this topic:  Tasmania

Other articles related to "ecology":

History Of Biology - Twentieth Century Biological Sciences - Ecology and Environmental Science
... See also History of ecology In the early 20th century, naturalists were faced with increasing pressure to add rigor and preferably experimentation to their methods, as the newly prominent laboratory-based ... Ecology had emerged as a combination of biogeography with the biogeochemical cycle concept pioneered by chemists field biologists developed quantitative methods such ... Henry Chandler Cowles and Frederic Clements, was important in early plant ecology ...
Ecology - Relation To The Environment - Physical Environments - Biogeochemistry and Climate
... The ecology of global carbon budgets gives one example of the linkage between biodiversity and biogeochemistry ... regulated to a large extent by the ecology of the land ...
Murray Bookchin - Biography
... an anarchist, seeing parallels between anarchism and ecology ... His groundbreaking essay "Ecology and Revolutionary Thought" introduced ecology as a concept in radical politics ... Lecturing throughout the United States, he helped popularize the concept of ecology to the counterculture ...
Murray Bookchin
... A pioneer in the ecology movement, Bookchin was the founder of the social ecology movement within anarchist, libertarian socialist and ecological ... history, and urban affairs as well as ecology ...
Banff National Park - Ecology - Wildlife
... Due to the harsh winters, the park has few reptiles and amphibians with only one species of toad, three species of frog, one salamander species and two species of snakes that have been identified ... At least 280 species of birds can be found in Banff including bald and golden eagles, red-tailed hawk, osprey, and merlin, all of which are predatory species ...

Famous quotes containing the word ecology:

    ... the fundamental principles of ecology govern our lives wherever we live, and ... we must wake up to this fact or be lost.
    Karin Sheldon (b. c. 1945)