Taiwan Independence

Taiwan Independence

Taiwanese independence is a political movement whose goals are primarily to formally establish the Republic of Taiwan by renaming or replacing the Republic of China (ROC) (commonly known as Taiwan), strengthen Taiwanese national identity, reject unification and One country, two systems with the People's Republic of China (PRC) (commonly known as China and mainland China) and a Chinese identity, and obtain international recognition as a sovereign state. The success of this movement would be one possible outcome for the resolution of the political status of Taiwan. There is only one international organization that formally recognizes Taiwan, the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization.

This movement is supported by the Pan-Green Coalition in Taiwan, but opposed by the Pan-Blue Coalition which seeks to retain the somewhat ambiguous status quo of the ROC under the 1992 consensus, or gradually reunify with mainland China at some point. Due to the PRC's claim of sovereignty over Taiwan and repeated military threats made by the PRC, a formal declaration of independence could lead to a military confrontation between the Republic of China Armed Forces and the People's Liberation Army of the PRC, escalating and involving other countries, such as the United States and Japan.

The use of independence for Taiwan can be ambiguous. If some supporters articulate that they agree to the independence of Taiwan, they may either be referring to the notion of formally creating an independent Republic of Taiwan, or to the notion that Taiwan is synonymous with the current Republic of China and already is independent, which is against the People's Republic of China's claim. (See Special state-to-state relations and One Country on Each Side.) Some supporters advocate withdrawing from Kinmen and Matsu, which are controlled by Taiwan but are closer to mainland China.

Prior to 1894, both Taiwan and mainland China were ruled by the Qing Empire. Following the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895, Taiwan was ceded by Qing government to the Empire of Japan via the Treaty of Shimonoseki. At the end of World War II in 1945, Taiwan was taken over by the ROC forces who, then, ruled most of mainland China. Since the defeat and expulsion of the ruling Kuomintang ROC government by the Communist Party of China from mainland China in 1949, the ROC government has controlled only Taiwan and its surrounding islands. Whether the current ROC makes Taiwan already independent or not is controversial in Cross-Strait relations.

Read more about Taiwan Independence:  History of The Movement, Significance, Responses

Other articles related to "taiwan, independence, taiwan independence":

ROC National Assembly Election, 2005 - Background
... Originally, the Taiwan Solidarity Union supported the constitutional amendments on the belief that they would be a prelude to a more thorough move toward Taiwan ... majority opposed to a rapid move toward independence, the TSU reconsidered its support, and has announced its opposition to the amendments ... would play into the hands of the PRC and that the amendments marked a step toward legal Taiwan independence ...
Su Beng - Overview
... Su Beng was born November 9, 1918 in the Shilin district of Taipei, Taiwan ... Finally he escaped from Qingdao, China to Taiwan, just as the Chinese Nationalist Kuomintang soldiers were retreating to Taiwan ... Having returned to Taiwan for about a year, he established the Taiwan Independence Armed Corps in 1950 which plotted for the assassination of Generalissimo Chiang Kai Shek ...
Taiwan Independence - Responses - Support For Independence
... Three proposals for the flag of an independent Taiwan The third view considers the move for Taiwan independence as a nationalist movement ... This is the opinion, historically, put forward by such pro-independence groups on Taiwan as the tang wai movement (which later grew into the Democratic Progressive Party), which argue that ... Since the 1990s, supporters of Taiwan independence no longer actively make this argument ...
Taiwan, China - Taiwan Independence Viewpoint
... Further information Taiwan independence The confusion and fight over use of the "China" name and the lack of name recognition of "Republic of China" itself and recognition as a country ... Some supporters also reject the legitimacy of Republic of China's takeover of Taiwan from Japan at the end of World War II since 1945 (due to the lack of transfer of sovereignty in the Treaty of Peace with Japan) ... They view that Taiwan is no longer part of China since "China" is recognized by the UN as being the People's Republic of China, and so placing "Taiwan" and "China" together in one term is ...
New Tide Faction
... Hsì) was one of the factions of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) in Taiwan before the party voted to dissolve all factions in 2006 ... appeared in the form of "domestic Taiwan independence activists" (in contrast to Taiwan independence activists operating from abroad), and pushed the DPP to include Taiwan independence in the party charter, to ...

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