A standard language (also standard dialect or standardized dialect) is a language variety used by a group of people in their public discourse. Alternatively, varieties become standard by undergoing a process of standardization, during which it is organized for description in grammars and dictionaries and encoded in such reference works. Typically, varieties that become standardized are the local dialects spoken in the centers of commerce and government, where a need arises for a variety that will serve more than local needs. A standard language can be either pluricentric (e.g. English, German, Serbo-Croatian, French, and Portuguese) or monocentric (e.g. Icelandic).
A standard written language is sometimes termed by the German word Schriftsprache.
... "aat") in the draft international ISO 639-3 catalogue of language names, where it is categorised as part of an Albanian "macrolanguage" ... parts 1 and 2 of the international ISO 639 standard of language codes, which only has a single entry for Albanian (codes "alb", "sqi", or "sq") ... of mutual intelligibility between Arvanitika and Standard Tosk range from fairly high to only partial (Ethnologue) ...
... they are rather different from the standard language and are recognized as local dialects ... /kotʲ/, /moottorʲ/ (standard Finnish , ) ... For example, standard ääni is reflected as iän ...
... synthetic forms are more often used than in the standard language, where analytic forms (those with a general ending + personal pronoun) are more common ... Munster Standard Gloss Present molaim molaim "I (sg.) praise" molair molann tú "you (sg.) praise" molann sé molann sé "he praises" molaimíd molaimid "we praise" molann sibh molann sibh "yo ... In the standard language, the particle is used only before vowels ...
... comprises many varieties (many mutually unintelligible), that are considered a single language, because the standard Arabic register, Modern Standard Arabic, is generally intelligible to all speakers ... It is based upon modified Classical Arabic, the language of the Qur'an, the contemporary refined vernacular of Muhammad’s time, the 7th century CE ... The Chinese language (漢語) comprises a wide varieties of spoken forms, which are known as fangyan (方言, “regional speech”) ...
... Standard Macedonian or Literary Macedonian (Macedonian Книжевен македонски јазик or Македонски литературен јазик) is the standard variety of the ... It was only in the 1940s, however, that the Macedonian language was able to be implemented, after being formally declared the official language of the ... The standard language is phonologically and morphologically based on the central Western Macedonian dialects (in particular, the Prilep-Bitola and Skopje-Veles dialect) with its lexicon influenced by all ...
Famous quotes containing the words language and/or standard:
“I now thinke, Love is rather deafe, than blind,
For else it could not be,
Whom I adore so much, should so slight me,
And cast my love behind:
Im sure my language to her, was as sweet,
And every close did meet
In sentence, of as subtile feet,
As hath the youngest Hee,”
—Ben Jonson (15721637)
“There is a certain standard of grace and beauty which consists in a certain relation between our nature, such as it is, weak or strong, and the thing which pleases us. Whatever is formed according to this standard pleases us, be it house, song, discourse, verse, prose, woman, birds, rivers, trees, room, dress, and so on. Whatever is not made according to this standard displeases those who have good taste.”
—Blaise Pascal (16231662)