A standard language (also standard dialect or standardized dialect) is a language variety used by a group of people in their public discourse. Alternatively, varieties become standard by undergoing a process of standardization, during which it is organized for description in grammars and dictionaries and encoded in such reference works. Typically, varieties that become standardized are the local dialects spoken in the centers of commerce and government, where a need arises for a variety that will serve more than local needs. A standard language can be either pluricentric (e.g. English, German, Serbo-Croatian, French, and Portuguese) or monocentric (e.g. Icelandic).
A standard written language is sometimes termed by the German word Schriftsprache.
... Standard Macedonian or Literary Macedonian (Macedonian Книжевен македонски јазик or ... It was only in the 1940s, however, that the Macedonian language was able to be implemented, after being formally declared the official language of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia ... The standard language is phonologically and morphologically based on the central Western Macedonian dialects (in particular, the Prilep-Bitola and ...
... "aat") in the draft international ISO 639-3 catalogue of language names, where it is categorised as part of an Albanian "macrolanguage". 1 and 2 of the international ISO 639 standard of language codes, which only has a single entry for Albanian (codes "alb", "sqi", or "sq") ... degree of mutual intelligibility between Arvanitika and Standard Tosk range from fairly high to only partial (Ethnologue) ...
... synthetic forms are more often used than in the standard language, where analytic forms (those with a general ending + personal pronoun) are more common ... Munster Standard Gloss Present molaim molaim "I (sg.) praise" molair molann tú "you (sg.) praise" molann sé molann sé "he praises" molaimíd molaimid "we praise" molann sibh ... In the standard language, the particle is used only before vowels ...
... many varieties (many mutually unintelligible), that are considered a single language, because the standard Arabic register, Modern Standard Arabic, is generally ... It is based upon modified Classical Arabic, the language of the Qur'an, the contemporary refined vernacular of Muhammad’s time, the 7th century CE ... The Chinese language (漢語) comprises a wide varieties of spoken forms, which are known as fangyan (方言, “regional speech”) ...
... geographical area with significant variations, they are rather different from the standard language and are recognized as local dialects ... /kotʲ/, /moottorʲ/ (standard Finnish , ) ... For example, standard ääni is reflected as iän ...
Famous quotes containing the words language and/or standard:
“What may this mean? Language of Man pronounced
By tongue of brute, and human sense expressed!
The first at least of these I thought denied
To beasts, whom God on their creation-day
Created mute to all articulate sound;
The latter I demur, for in their looks
Much reason, and in their actions, oft appears.”
—John Milton (16081674)
“As in political revolutions, so in paradigm choicethere is no standard higher than the assent of the relevant community. To discover how scientific revolutions are effected, we shall therefore have to examine not only the impact of nature and of logic, but also the techniques of persuasive argumentation effective within the quite special groups that constitute the community of scientists.”
—Thomas S. Kuhn (b. 1922)